10 Oldest Universities in the World, In Which Countries? page all

KOMPAS.com – A number of world ranking agencies have recently launched a list of the best universities in the world, including Indonesia.

However, did you know that the oldest campuses in the world and the oldest campuses in Indonesia were the beginning of the development of higher education in each country?

In Indonesia itself, the history of the establishment of universities has encouraged people to get higher education, after previously there were only elementary schools to learn to read, write, and count.

Here are the 10 oldest universities in the world, summarizing the Smart Class page, Wednesday (4/8/2021):

Also read: 10 Oldest Universities in Indonesia, Is There Your Campus?

1. Al Karaouine University, Morocco (859 AD)

Al Karaouine University or Al Quaraouiyine in Morocco is a university that is believed to be the oldest in the world. This college was founded in 859 AD in the City of Fez.

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Initially, the university was devoted to the natural sciences, but in 1957, other majors such as mathematics and foreign languages ​​were added.

The university was also awarded by the Guinness Book of World Records as the oldest university still operating today.

2. Al Azhar University, Egypt (970 AD)

Al Azhar University in Cairo, Egypt, was founded in 970 AD, but was only recognized as a university in 1961.

Initially, this college was a madrasa and a center for learning Islamic knowledge.

But over time, this university began to apply a modern curriculum by teaching various other fields of science, such as business, economics, science, to engineering.

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3. University of Bologna, Italy (1088 AD)

The University of Bologna, which was founded in Italy, is the first in Europe. In the 12th to 13th centuries, students from all over Europe studied here.

Although civil science and law are the most popular majors, currently the University of Bologna has accepted as many as 84,000 students taking various majors.

4. University of Oxford, England (1096 AD)

One of the UK’s leading universities is also one of the oldest in the world. Founded in 1096 AD, initially classes were held in churches and rented halls.

When King Henry II forbade his citizens to study in France, the University of Oxford began to thrive.

To date, this university has given birth to many names, such as writers CS Lewis and Oscar Wilde. Oxford University is also ranked 4th as the best university in the world.

5. University of Paris, France (1160-1250 AD)

Founded between 1160-1250 AD in the French capital, the University of Paris or la Sorbonne is believed to be one of the oldest universities in Europe.

The university also briefly stopped operating between 1793 and 1896 when the French Revolution took place. Today, the University of Paris is spread into 13 autonomous institutions since 1970.

Also read: 5 Countries with the Most Populations in the World, Indonesia Number What?

6. University of Cambridge, England (1209 AD)

In 1209, a group of academics who left Oxford due to political conflicts founded Cambridge University which is now ranked as the 7th best university in the world.

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The two universities have a healthy competition and are marked by the annual Boat Race.

7. University of Salamanca, Spain (1218 AD)

The University of Salamanca now holds the status of being the oldest university in Spain after the University of Palencia closed.

Located in West Madrid, the university was the institution where Christopher Columbus sought royal support for his expeditions to the Indies in the 15th century.

Currently, as many as 30,000 students continue their studies at one of the nine campuses of the University of Salamanca.

8. University of Padua, Italy (1222 AD)

The University of Padua or Università di Padova was founded in 1222 AD and is one of the oldest universities in Italy still operating.

The university is renowned for its revolutionary research in the fields of astronomy, law, pharmacy, and philosophy.

In 1545, the University of Padua founded the Botanical Garden of Padova which is one of the oldest academic gardens in the world.

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9. Federico II University of Naples, Italy (1224 AD)

The university was founded in 1224 AD by the Roman Emperor Frederick II in the city of Naples, which is the third largest city in Italy.

Currently, as many as 100,000 students study here. One of its notable alumni is the philosopher Thomas Aquinas.

10. University of Siena, Italy (1240 AD)

Founded in Siena, Italy, in 1240 AD, the University of Siena is one of the oldest universities in the world.

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With an enrollment of 20,000 students, this is half the population of the entire city.

The city of Siena itself has been declared a UNESCO World Heritage and is visited by more than 163,000 tourists every year.


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