Faced with the growing fuel and energy, the head of state, Emmanuel Macron, proposed "improving" existing devices.
| 06.11.2018 at 05:03
• Updated or
06.11.2018 at 21:28
By Anne-Aël Durand
Invited on Tuesday November 6 to Europe 1, the president of the Republic said that he understands the "rage" of French people affected by the increase in fuel, and the difficulty of those who can not afford to "warm up with dignity." Faced with these problems related to rising energy prices, the political response is based on measures that appear to be parallel: "energy verification" and "fuel control". However, they are aids quite different amounts and types. Explanations.
What is energy verification?
It is a check to help modest households to heat them. It varies between 44 and 277 euros depending on the composition of the house, with an average amount of 150 euros. Created in 2015 by the law on energy transition and green growth, energy control was tested in four departments before generalizing in 2018.
It replaces the social tariffs for electricity and gas, but it is wider, since it can be used to pay fuel, fuel, or the energy renovation of the house.
Certificates sent with the concession of energy checks additional rights: exemption from gas or electricity commission commissions during a movement, cost reduction and maintenance of energy in the event of a payment incident.
The head of state said in Europe 1 that it was necessary to "look at how to improve the energy check because it can not be left to people while winter begins in a situation that does not allow to warm themselves warmly."
Gerald Darmanin, Minister of Action and Public Accounts, said in parallel to LCI:
"First we have to simplify this verification, this is what we will do to avoid 560 000 people who do not charge it. We have to increase, what we do from 150 to 200 euros, and we also have to expand it to other people."
The € 50 increase in the energy check is not a new announcement, as it has already appeared on the financing account for 2019.
In the simplification, the minister of public action does not detail how it could be achieved. The check is already sent directly, without any particular focus, to eligible families, according to the income they declared. All energy professionals are required to accept this check, which is valid until March 31 of the following year and that also pays the accounts online. On the other hand, the beneficiary can not charge.
Gérald Darmanin evokes "560,000 people who do not charge it," or 15% of eligible families. The system stays much more effective than social rates, which were requested in only 60% of the cases. According to an evaluation report carried out in the four pilot departments, the route did not reach more than 20%, for several reasons: households did not receive verification (8%), lost or forgotten (4%). %), did not understand the device (3%) or the supplier refused the provider (2%).
The energy check, if used by all current beneficiaries, would cost the State 800 million euros in 2019. The extension to tax domiciles would mechanically increase the invoice.
What is fuel verification?
Unlike the energy check, which is physically in the form of paper used to pay a portion of the invoice, there is no "fuel control" present at the time of the recharge.
The device that goes beyond is a "personal transport help" (ATP), paid by the Hauts-de-France region to workers who use their car or two wheels. The employees in fixed-term contracts or CDIs, located more than 30 km away from their employment, in a commune far from the public transport and earn less than twice the SICI (€ 2,347 net) are eligible. The aid, of a single amount of 20 euros per month, is paid directly in the bank account of the beneficiaries.
These aids are part of a series of measures taken since 2016 to improve the employment rate (training, vehicle loans, child care help …).
Emmanuel Macron described this transport aid as "good philosophy". But it does not intend to adopt it at the national level. Instead, he proposes "working with local authorities, businessmen, in a smart way" to help employees, without overburdening the state budget. Only advertisement: it promised that existing aid (and its equivalents if other regions fulfill its) would be tax-free. At the moment, the 20 euros charged per month are entered in the declared income and, therefore, may be subject to taxes.
Republican MPs (LR) Guillaume Peltier and Damien Abad proposed Sunday to distribute a "fuel control" of 100 euros per month to "13 million French provinces", which would be financed both by a special tax on highway companies and by a contribution of the entrepreneur and the employee ", according to the Ticket Restaurant model."
Emmanuel Macron's proposal has the advantage of being easy to implement and low-cost for the state: it would only be a small fiscal niche, for families that are little paid. The communities would run to finance the scheme if they wish to adopt it. In the 2018 Hauts-de-France budget, transport aid represents 3.4 million euros. "This announcement is very surprising because it means asking the regions to pay while the State collects revenue related to the energy and climate contribution (CEC). It also contravenes the obligation of the regions not to increase their operating expenses," said the association Régions de France
On the other hand, the fuel control proposed by the LR deputies is much more expensive: this would represent up to 15,600 million euros per year. Its financing is criticized, including the association of 40 million drivers, who fear that a tax on freeway fares is passed. Regarding the government, he believes that this would be a bad message because it would encourage more fuel consumption, so global warming would increase.