A new chart reveals the complex system of ramps and pulleys that could be used by the Egyptians to build the ancient pyramids.
It follows the recent discovery of ancient Egyptian stone ramps dating back to 4,500 years in an alabaster quarry in the eastern desert of the country.
The system raised stone blocks that weighed several tons of hundreds of meters in the air through huge sleighs, archaeologists believe.
This same technology can allow the Egyptians to lean inclined inclinations to build the Great Pyramid, the only Wonder of the world that survives.
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A new chart reveals the complex system of ramps and pulleys that could be used by the Egyptians to build the ancient pyramids. The system raised stone blocks that weighed several tons of hundreds of meters in the air through huge sleighs, archeologists believe
The old ramp was discovered in the Hatnub quarry by researchers from the French Institute of Oriental Archeology in Cairo and the University of Liverpool.
It was flanked by two stairs lined with poles, to which the ropes were attached to drag the huge stone blocks.
The workers climbed the stairs on each side of the block, pulling the rope while driving, a system that alleviated some of the load by the huge load.
The large wooden poles, measuring up to 1 meter and a half (0.25 meters) in thickness, were key to the system, researchers said.
They allow workers' teams to pull down while others raised the block from above.
This meant that the ramp was inclined at twice the angle that would be considered possible, given the weight of the stones that the workers raised.
"The agreement allows people to be spaced up and down the ramp, and all the force to exercise in the same direction," said Dr. Roland Enmarch, of the University of Liverpool.
The discovery is significant because the stones raised from the quarry would be approximately the same size as those used in the construction of the Great Pyramid.
The remains of a ramp system of 4,500 years old were discovered in an ancient quarry in the eastern desert. The experts say that a project would ease part of the burden for workers who had to go through these huge charges
The ramps used in construction were eliminated after the conclusion, which means that the techniques used by the Egyptians to build the huge pyramid remain a mystery.
The researchers said the discovery is the first of its kind and shows a clear indication that it dates "at least to the reign of Khufu" – for whom the Great Pyramid of 481 feet was built.
They argued that it was "plausible" to deduce that the system discovered in Hatnub was the same as that used to build the great pyramid.
"This shows that at the time the Great Pyramid was being built, this technology was also used," Dr Enmarch said.
The archeologists already supposed that the Egyptians used ramps to construct the great pyramid, but the operation of this system of ramp stayed during centuries.
Archaeologists can finally take a step further to understand how the great pyramid of Egypt was built thousands of years ago (photo of the archive)
It was widely thought that the ramps would need to lie at an angle of ten percent maximum to allow workers to drag blocks so high.
This would mean that the ramps worsened in the wilderness.
But the new discovery shows that the ramps had an incline of up to 20%, which they achieved through the complex pulley system.
"This system consists of a central ramp flanked by two stairs with numerous holes," said Dr Yannis Gourdon, co-director of the joint mission at Hatnub, Live Science.
"Using a sled that was carrying a block of stone and was strung to these wooden poles, the ancient Egyptians could get alabaster blocks from the quarry on very high slopes of 20% or more."
What is the valley of the laws of Egypt?
The Valley of the Kings in the upper part of Egypt is one of the main tourist attractions in the country, located next to the complex pyramid of Giza.
Most Pharaohs from the 18th to 20th dynasties, which ruled between 1550 and 1069 BC, rested on the tombs that were cut off on local rock.
The royal tombs are decorated with scenes from Egyptian mythology and give clues to the funeral beliefs and rituals of the period.
Most Pharaohs from the 18th to 20th dynasties, which ruled between 1550 and 1069 BC, rested on the tombs that were cut off on local rock. In the image are statues of gods in place
Almost all the tombs have been opened and looted for centuries, but the sites still give an idea of the opulence and power of the pharaohs.
The most famous Pharaoh in place is Tutankhamon, whose tomb was discovered in 1922.
Preserved until today, in the grave are original decorations of sacred images, among others, the Book of the Doors or the Book of the Caverns.
These are the most important funeral texts found on the walls of ancient Egyptian graves.
The Valley of the Kings in the upper part of Egypt is one of the main tourist attractions in the country, located next to the complex pyramid of Giza. The most famous Pharaoh in place is Tutankhamon, whose tomb was discovered in 1922