There is still much to be clarified about the disease after the Covid, but, as far as is known, more than half a hundred symptoms and sequelae have been described in people who have already been infected. We list the 30 most common ones
Covid-19 infection may be asymptomatic, but it does not prevent it from leaving scars. However, if, according to the most recent information, people with more serious illnesses are more likely to have a prevalence of symptoms and sequelae after being infected with SARS-CoV-2, people with more serious of the disease was reported. difficulties in weeks or months after infection.
“We don’t have enough time to understand how this evolution will go,” said CNN Portugal’s Andreia Leite, a professor at the National School of Public Health, who is working on a study that will assess the persistence of long-term covetousness in Portugal. “There was great difficulty in defining the long covid,” he admits, as well as the remaining sequences of a “condition after Covid”.
“More than 50 symptoms have already been described that may be associated with long-term covid and may enter this spectrum”, said the researcher. “Most often they are mostly systemic symptoms, such as fatigue, but others are also related to the psychological spectrum, anxiety, depression, difficulty concentrating, insomnia, lack of smell and taste are also some of the most common. great diversity of non-specific symptoms that make everything more difficult, in addition to difficulty breathing “explains Andreia Leite.
“The condition after the Covid is a secular diagnosis,” the researcher said. “If a person has covid and starts with a certain symptom, it is necessary to understand whether this is, in fact, the justification, because there are a number of other causes for these various symptoms, which makes the approach more difficult.” , li. resume.
The “long covid” nomenclature does not raise consensus: a study published in The Lancet Respiratory Medicine earlier this month stated that, given the spectrum of symptoms that can occur and persist after infection with covid-19, and can be affected. different organs and systems of the organism, “it is essential to agree on the nomenclature and definition” to assess their incidence, subtypes and severity. “This process cannot be left to agencies, healthcare providers or investigators, but it does require a lot of discussion, including, inter alia, those affected.”
Sequelae and symptoms
According to a review of long-term covid studies, which estimate the long-term consequences of the disease will have a substantial impact on public health, there are more than 50 different symptoms reported after Covid-19 infection, and fatigue and tiredness. difficulty breathing, followed by impaired smell and taste, headache, chest pain, blurred vision and memory loss, as well as sleep disturbance.
Keep a list of 30 reported symptoms and, if necessary, make an appointment. You may need to avoid the consequences of SARS-CoV-2.
- difficulty breathing
- Sore throat
- lung injury
- Chest pain
- Persistent cough
- Muscle and joint pain
- Difficulty concentrating
- foggy spirit
- Memory loss
- Loss of smell
- loss of taste
- skin irritation
- loss of appetite
- Stomach pain
- gastroesophageal reflux
- Urinary and fecal incontinence
- Changes in the menstrual cycle
- Hair loss
- sweat abundantly
- Arrhythmias and heart palpitations
- Inflammation of the myocardium
- swollen limbs
“Conditions after the Covid”
Bernardo Gomes, a public health doctor, recalled the World Health Organization’s definition of a “post-Covid condition” as a symptom that appears three months after infection, lasts at least two months and cannot be explained by an alternative diagnosis. . For the specialist, it is important, in terms of consequences, to dissociate those that are effectively from covid-19 with others that may occur in circumstances of mental illness or even from lifestyle changes determined by pandemic measures.
According to more recent studies, post-Covid symptoms are more common in adults than in children and are more common in non-vaccinated patients than in vaccinated individuals. “And there is another circumstance: people who may have nothing in the acute post-phase and who appear with pictures, after some time, that fit the possibility of long covid”, adds Bernardo Gomes.
Among the most common consequences of covid-19, the doctor noted fatigue, shortness of breath, and mental dysfunction. “However, we have other conditions of nervous system disorders. In practice, its consequences translate into unexpected changes in heart rate, arrhythmias, and persistent dysfunction of the digestive system. Bernardo Gomes also notes that there are a number of diseases. seems to have increased in the post-covid period, namely diabetes, a phenomenon that is now considered to be linked to a worsening autoimmune response to SARS-CoV-2, but which still needs to be investigated accordingly.
“We are not only playing against one enemy, we are playing against the virus and its acute problems, but also against an exaggerated immune reaction that has even caused death. But a third enemy, from the second, we realize that there unresolved reactions to the virus that may have a future echo and are not perceived at first “, emphasizes the Public Health specialist. “Unfortunately, we have more and more such cases, the expectation is that many people will be affected, it will always have a significant social impact.”
The same goes for researcher Andreia Leite: “It is expected that there will be some impact from a social and economic point of view, in addition to the impact on health services,” he said, adding that there are still “clear pictures.” in the long-term frequency of covid-19 and its consequences, but many resources will certainly be needed for the “diagnostic march” needed in such cases, including conducting complementary examinations or referring patients to different specialties.
Professors at the National School of Public Health also note that these consequences and post-covid symptoms are generally more common in hospitalized patients or those with a serious illness and, in some cases, resolve spontaneously, but in others end up persisting. for a long period of time. ”Long periods with an impact on day-to-day life, quality of life, reduction in working hours or forced revision.”
According to the World Health Organization, between 10% and 20% of people with covid-19 suffer from symptoms after recovering from the acute phase of the infection, an “unpredictable condition and weakness” that also affects mental health. And a study published in eClinicalMedicine revealed that 203 symptoms associated with long-term covid have already been identified and involved 10 different organs in the human body. The study was conducted with data from 56 countries and involved more than 3,000 people, and concluded that 56 of the 203 symptoms identified persisted for seven months.