Disease heart is the leading cause of death in the world. Quoted from MayoClinic, the types of heart disease that often affect include coronary heart disease, congenital heart disease, arrhythmias, heart failure and heart infections. Based on data from the World Health Organization (WHO) this disease has claimed 17.9 million lives each year.
This number can be suppressed by means of prevention and identification as early as possible. For that, you must know what factors can increase the risk of heart disease. One of them is obesity. A body mass index above 30 kg / m2 can increase the risk for heart disease.
Not only that, cholesterol levels and high blood pressure also cause plaque buildup in the arteries and constrict blood vessels that block blood circulation, thereby contributing to increasing the risk of developing heart disease. Diabetes can also increase the risk of developing heart disease because diabetes triggers plaque buildup in the arteries. Diabetes can limit blood circulation which can then trigger a stroke.
Given the high risk, prevention of heart disease is crucial. Quoted from the Cleveland Clinic, there are four easy ways you can prevent heart disease.
1. Exercise regularly
By exercising, the heart muscles can function optimally in carrying out their function to pump blood throughout the body. Sports can also be varied with resistance training. Experts recommend doing at least 150 minutes of moderate intensity exercise per week.
2. Healthy diet
A healthy diet is one of the efforts to prevent heart disease because a healthy diet has been shown to remove plaque buildup in the arteries. One of the recommended diets is the Mediterranean diet. This diet focuses on eating vegetables, fruit, and whole grains that are also packed with healthy fats.
One study published in the New England Journal of Medicine found that this diet method can balance cholesterol and blood pressure. So that this diet can reduce the risk of disease heart and stroke.
3. Don’t smoke
Atherosclerosis is a result of smoking. In many studies, smoking has been linked to heart disease risk. The higher the intensity of a person’s smoking, the higher the risk of a heart attack that can occur.
4. Routine inspection
Early identification is crucial for disease heart can be immediately handled. It should also be noted that heart disease can be caused by genetic factors. Therefore, routine checks must be carried out to prevent heart disease as early as possible.
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