Birth rates for American women in their teens and in their 20s reached the recorded hours in 2018, which led to the smallest children in 32 years, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
In a provisional report released on Wednesday, researchers from the CDC's National Center for Health Statistics said they received 3,788,235 births across the country last year. The number of births is reduced by a fourth year, and the lowest since 1986.
The continuing decline was a surprise to some experts, who expected to stabilize or reverse the situation due to the improved economy.
The total fertility rate was 1,728 births per 1,000 women U in 2018, a decrease of 2% on the previous year. The total fertility rate is an age-adjusted estimate of the number of children with a hypothetical group of 1,000 women during their lifetime. When this rate falls below 2,100 births per 1,000 women, it means that many children are not taking their place in the current generation.
As in recent years, women under 35, the group that most children produce, were driving. According to the report, the birth rate for women aged 20 to 24 years fell to 4% to 67.9 births per 1,000; birth rate for women aged 25 to 29 years 3% to 95.2 births per 1,000; and birth rate for women aged 30 to 34 years of age 1 to 99.6 births per 1,000.
The birth rate for teenagers last year was 17.4 births per 1,000 young women and young women aged 15 to 19 years. This was a 7% decrease from 2017 and is a new low record for the country.
Meanwhile, the birth rate for women aged 35 to 39 years increased to 1% to 52.6 births per 1,000, and the birth rate for women aged 40 to 44 increased to 2% to 11.8%. birth per 1,000.
Whether more US women are just postponing or still not doing it completely.
But if the current trends continue, the country can expect future labor shortages, experts said.
“I expect that birth rates will rise and then they are not,” said demography Kenneth M. Johnson from Charsey's School of Public Policy at the University of New Hampshire.
Johnson estimates that 5.7 million extra children would not come in the last decade if their pre-recession levels resulted in fertility rates.
“There are many empty classrooms,” he said.
Other concerns did not indicate that young experts today had any concerns and would predict that they would move towards children later in life.
“Our fertility rates are still quite high for a rich nation,” said Caroline Sten Hartnett, a demographic at the University of South Carolina.
Young Americans are still trying to have children, but they don't feel they are quite stable, but Karen Benjamin Guzzo, who studies families in Bowling Green State University in Ohio, says.
Guzzo could do more to encourage children to engage with children with parental leave, childcare subsidies and other policies aimed at helping young adults struggling with student loan debt and housing costs.
Decisions were down last year across racial groups, with small decreases in Latin, white people, black people and Asians. The number of Hawaiian and native Pacific children born was stable.
The rate rose for upstream births – that is, children delivered at less than 37 weeks – for the fourth year just over 10%. The rate for children born with low birth weight – defined as less than 5 pounds, 8 ounces – was just under 8.3%, unchanged from 2017.
The figures in the new report are based on 99.73% of the country's 2018 birth records, the report said.
The Associated Press was used to compile this report.