(Reuters) – The House of Commons Judicial Committee asked on Friday information from Tim Cook, CEO of Apple Inc, as part of an investigation into competition in digital markets.
PHOTO FILE: Apple logo appears in store in Zurich, Switzerland 3 January, 2019. REUTERS / Arnd Wiegmann
The law makers asked in a letter for information related to Apple App App, which is the only way it allows users such as the third-party iPhone software to put their phones on. Apple takes a cut of sales made by developers using its payment systems on its App Store. bit.ly/2kghD2J
But Apple is also a big player in its own market, with in-house apps like Apple Music competing directly with competitors such as Spotify Technology SA. Other apps that don't compete with Apple, such as Uber Technologies Inc, are allowed to make in-app payments without paying Apple's cut.
Spotify and other developers alleged that Apple accepts anti-competitive behavior with its App Store, and Apple's executives have maintained their focus on providing a better experience for people who buy the company's devices.
Apple did not respond immediately to a request for comments on the letter from US law makers. The committee requested executive communications on the following topics.
– The decision to use control apps of Qustodio parents, Freedom, Kidslox, Mobicip and OurPact.
-What the search algorithm for App Store ranks results and executive debates examining the right of that algorithm to change. The New York Times and Wall Street Journal analyst found out that Apple's own apps were in charge of the common search results, and Apple changed its formula the same month as the Journal published its investigation. . nyti.ms/2mhwjPV on.wsj.com/2Kc0vnZ
-Any policies that apply to you, apps or app categories need to be used for their payment systems on the App Store and are exempt.
-If links to payment systems rather than Apple apps. Spotify complained to European regulators that Apple prevented it from providing links to initiatives critical to their business. (nL8N2102FB)
– How Apple made its policies regarding the reduction of revenue it takes from app developers, including executive debates about the precise share built. Apple charges 15-30% to “digital goods” vendors such as movies and video games credits but it does not charge from the sellers of physical goods and services, which has led companies like Amazon to sell ebooks on Apple devices.
– How Apple decided to allow users to set non-Apple apps as a default for applications such as web browsers, maps, email clients and music players.
-If non-Apple app stores allow its devices. Consumers and developers have both sued Apple over refusing to allow apps on the iPhone outside the app store, saying the practice raises software prices for consumers and reduces developer profits. (nL2N23B0TG) (nL2N22P0IR)
– How Apple decided to build his own apps with similar functions with Clue, Duet Display and SwiftKey third-party applications. Developers of some of the recent apps to the Washington Post said that Apple's external power made it harder for their apps to compete after Apple had copied their ideas. wapo.st/2lMVjhM
-The third-party web browsers in the App Store technology must use Apple's support called WebKit. Apple used its WebKit requirement to limit the advertising tracking that its Facebook Inc. and Alphabet Inc. competitors could operate on its devices. (nL4N22Y3IY)
TRANSFER, REPLACEMENT AND TRANSFER
-State how Apple's third party repairs imposed restrictions on its devices, including any rules that authorized service providers must follow.
-This decision was decided in December 2017 to offer discounted battery discounts, including how this move would affect iPhone sales. Few of the lawsuits are filed by consumers that indicate to Apple that battery performance is practiced in older devices to compel new phone users to buy.
-A decision to launch an “Independent Repairs Providers Register”, including the parts offered by the company and the prices. After years or “right to repair” laws that would require Apple to make parts available to independent shops, Apple changed course and put in place a program to do so – but some circuit boards are not available. available. (nL2N25P0TK)
– The decision to sell Apple products on Amazon.com Inc. site, including the decision to sell resellers that can sell Apple products on Amazon. Smaller resellers of Apple products told The Verge that their affairs would move their affairs.
Reported by Stephen Nellis in San Francisco; Edited by Cynthia Osterman
. (T) Arts / Culture / Entertainment (T) Software (TRBC) (t) United States (t) Monopolies / Antitrust Questions