Armenia and Azerbaijan they accused each other of having violated the humanitarian truce that required the suspension of the fighting for Nagorno-Karabakh, a separatist territory in Azerbaijan but controlled by Armenia. The truce was supposed to begin at midnight on Sunday, when in Italy it was 10 pm on Saturday. The two countries had reached an agreement yesterday, after an Armenian missile during the night killed 12 people in the city of Ganja.
A spokeswoman for the Armenian Defense Ministry said Azerbaijan broke the truce four minutes after midnight by firing artillery shells and rockets. According to Azerbaijan, however, it was Armenia that broke the truce two minutes earlier. Saturday 10 October the two countries they had signed another ceasefire agreement with the mediation of Russia, but the clashes resumed almost immediately.
Nagorno-Karabakh is a territory of about 11 thousand square kilometers which is located inside Azerbaijan but whose population is mostly Armenian and Christian (the most common religion in Azerbaijan is Shiite Islam). In 1988 it declared its independence, supported by Armenia: years of very violent ethnic clashes followed, up to the war between Armenia and Azerbaijan, which began in 1992, ended in 1994 and caused at least 30,000 deaths. Today Nagorno-Karabakh declares itself an independent state but it is not recognized by any country in the world, not even by Armenia. In practice, the region is controlled by Armenia, although for the international community it would still be part of Azerbaijan. The current clashes between the two countries over the territory began in late September.
– Read also: Il problema del Nagorno-Karabakh