While the disease is now concentrated in rural areas of the continent, a new, expanding species is colonizing urban areas.
Tens of millions of inhabitants of African cities are threatened by a malaria vector mosquito native to Asia and particularly adapted to the urban environment, warns a study published Monday, September 14. Malaria is a disease triggered by a parasite (Plasmodium falciparum or vivax) transmitted mainly by around forty species of mosquitoes. About 400,000 people died in 2018, mostly children, especially in Africa.
On this continent, one of the main mosquitoes is Anopheles gambiae, considered the most dangerous animal on Earth, but it does not like polluted puddles in cities and has not learned to lay its larvae. in urban clean water reservoirs. In Africa, malaria is now concentrated in rural areas.