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Benefits and Side Effects of Papaya Fruit for Health, Interesting to Know


Merdeka.com – Knowing the benefits and side effects of papaya before consuming it is certainly good for you. Thus, you can maximize your intake as well as be aware of the possibility of allergies to the content in papaya fruit.

Papaya is a tropical fruit that has bright orange flesh when ripe. Papaya fruit is also equipped with small black seeds in it, with soft and sweet flesh. Papaya is one of the leading fruits in tropical countries.

According to the book Healing Foods, papaya is known to have antibacterial properties and helps promote good digestion, with almost every part of this plant being consumed. Papaya is a good source of carotenoid antioxidants such as beta-carotene which helps protect eyesight.

In addition, papaya leaves have also been shown to be effective against dengue fever. High in fiber content, papaya fruit is good for managing constipation. But in addition to the row of benefits, there are also some side effects of papaya fruit. Therefore, the benefits and side effects of papaya fruit need to be known.

In this article, merdeka.com will discuss what are the benefits and side effects of papaya fruit that are interesting to know medicalnewstoday.com and food.ndtv.com.

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Benefits and Side Effects of Papaya Fruit

Benefits of Papaya Fruit

1. Age-related macular degeneration

Zeaxanthin, an antioxidant found in papaya fruit, can filter out harmful blue light rays.

The first benefit of papaya fruit is that it has a protective role for eye health, and can counteract and reduce the risk of developing age-related macular degeneration.

2. Prevent asthma

Papaya is also useful for preventing asthma. The risk of developing asthma is lower in people who consume high amounts of certain nutrients.

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One of these nutrients is beta-carotene, which is found in foods such as papaya, apricots, broccoli, cantaloupe, pumpkin, and carrots.

3. Prevent cancer

Apparently, papaya is also useful for preventing cancer. Consuming the antioxidant beta-carotene, which is found in papaya, may reduce the risk of cancer.

Among younger men, a diet rich in beta-carotene may play a protective role against prostate cancer, according to a study published in the journal Cancer Epidemiology and Prevention Biomarkers.

4. Improve bone health

Another benefit of papaya fruit is to help improve bone health. A low intake of vitamin K has been linked to a higher risk of fractures.

Adequate consumption of vitamin K is important for good health, as it increases calcium absorption and can reduce urinary calcium excretion, meaning there will be more calcium in the body to strengthen and rebuild bones.

5. Prevent diabetes

Research has shown that people with type 1 diabetes who eat a diet high in fiber have lower blood glucose levels, and people with type 2 diabetes may have increased levels of blood sugar, lipids, and insulin.

One small papaya provides about 3 grams of fiber, which is equivalent to only 17 grams of carbohydrates.

6. Take care of the digestive system

Papaya contains an enzyme called papain which is known to help maintain the digestive system. This fruit can even be used as a meat tenderizer.

Papayas are also high in fiber and water content, both of which help prevent constipation and promote regularity and a healthy digestive tract.

7. Prevent heart disease

The fiber, potassium, and vitamin content in papaya all help ward off heart disease.

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Increasing potassium intake along with decreasing sodium intake are the most important dietary changes a person can make to reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease.

8. Overcome Inflammation

The next benefit of papaya fruit is to help overcome inflammation. Choline is a very important and versatile nutrient found in papaya. It aids the body in sleep, muscle movement, learning, and memory.

Choline also helps maintain the structure of cell membranes, aids in the transmission of nerve impulses, aids fat absorption, and reduces chronic inflammation.

9. Good for skin and healing

When used topically, mashed papaya is known to accelerate wound healing and prevent infection of the burned area.

Researchers believe that the proteolytic enzymes chymopapain and papain in papaya are responsible for this beneficial effect. Ointments containing the enzyme papain have also been used to treat pressure ulcers (bedsore).

10. Keep your hair healthy

The benefits of papaya fruit last discussed here is to help maintain healthy hair. Papaya is great for hair because it contains vitamin A, a nutrient needed for sebum production, which keeps hair moisturized. Vitamin A is also needed for the growth of all body tissues, including skin and hair.

In addition, papaya also provides vitamin C. Adequate intake of vitamin C, which can be provided by papaya, is needed to build and maintain collagen, which gives structure to the skin.

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Papaya Side Effects

1. Dangerous for pregnant women

The first side effect of papaya is that it can be dangerous if consumed by pregnant women. Most health experts advise pregnant women to avoid eating papaya fruit because its seeds, roots and leaf infusion can harm the fetus.

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Unripe papaya fruit has a high concentration of latex which can cause uterine contractions. The papain component present in papaya can also damage certain membranes in the body that are important for fetal development.

2. Can cause digestive problems

Papaya has a high fiber content; While it may be good for people with constipation, excessive consumption can cause an upset stomach. And this is the next papaya side effect that should be wary of.

Moreover, papaya skin contains latex which can irritate the stomach and cause pain and discomfort. The fiber in this fruit can also bind to stool and cause diarrhea, leaving you dehydrated.

3. Can be contra with drugs

According to the US National Library of Medicine, papaya can interact with blood-thinning medications, which can cause easy bleeding and bruising. This is a side effect of papaya fruit that is worth noting.

4. Can significantly lower blood sugar

Fermented papaya can lower blood sugar levels, which can be dangerous for diabetics. For that, make sure to always consult a doctor first before consuming it, especially if you are a diabetic who is undergoing treatment.

5. Can cause other allergies

Papain in the fruit or pollen from papaya flowers can cause certain allergies. Some possible allergic reactions include swelling, dizziness, headache, rash and itching.

6. Can cause respiratory disorders

This is also a side effect of papaya fruit that must be known. The papain enzyme present in papaya is said to be a potential allergen. Excessive consumption can cause various respiratory disorders such as asthma, congestion and wheezing.

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