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Beware of Singapore flu in children, recognize the symptoms and how to prevent it

Singapore flu in children. wederm.com

Merdeka.com – Singapore flu, or HFMD, is one of the most widely discussed topics on social media. Singapore flu is a contagious disease that can affect anyone, and is most common in children.

Citing Healthline, Singapore Influenza is a highly contagious disease caused by coxsackievirus, a type of virus belonging to the Enterovirus group.

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The virus can be spread from person to person through direct contact with unwashed hands or contaminated surfaces. The virus can also be transmitted through contact with human saliva, feces, or respiratory secretions.

When Singapore flu in children appears, it can be characterized by conditions such as thrush in the mouth, rash on the hands and feet, and blisters.

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Singapore flu symptoms in children

Singapore flu in children often occurs when infants or children under 5 years of age. Signs of Singapore flu in children are mostly mild symptoms that can last 7 to 10 days.

Launched from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) page, Singapore flu symptoms in children may include:

Fever and Flu Symptoms

Children often develop fever and flu symptoms within three to six days of catching the Singapore flu virus. Symptoms may include:

  • Fever
  • Decreased appetite
  • Sore throat
  • Feeling bad

Other symptoms may appear in the next few days.


One or two days after the fever starts, your child may develop painful thrush. These sores usually appear as red spots, which usually appear on the back of the mouth.

Signs of canker sores in children are:

  • Not much to eat or drink
  • Foam more than normal
  • Just want to drink cold fluids
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Skin rash

Children may also develop skin rashes on the palms of their hands and soles of their feet. This rash may also appear on the knees, elbows, buttocks, or genital area.

The rash usually looks like flat red spots, or sometimes with blisters. Fluids in blisters and scales that form while healing may contain the virus that causes Singapore’s flu.

Keep blisters or scales clean and avoid touching them.

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Causes of Singapore flu

It is a coxsackievirus strain that causes Singapore flu, the most common of which is the A16 coxsackievirus. Coxsackieviruses belong to a group of viruses called enteroviruses. In some cases, other types of enterovirus can also cause Singapore flu.

This virus can easily spread from person to person. Singapore flu in children can be caused by contact via:

  • spit
  • liquid from the blisters
  • dust
  • droplets that are sprayed into the air after coughing or sneezing

Singapore flu can also be transmitted through direct contact with unwashed hands or surfaces with traces of the virus.

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How to prevent Singapore flu

You can help prevent the spread of Singapore flu by practicing good hygiene in a simple way.

Wash hands

Wash your hands often with soap and water for at least 20 seconds. If soap and water are not available, use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer.

Always wash your hands when:

  • After changing diapers
  • After using the bathroom
  • After blowing your nose, you cough or sneeze
  • Before and after caring for a sick person

Help children wash their hands by teaching them how to wash their hands and make sure they wash them often.

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Clean and disinfect

Clean and disinfect frequently touched surfaces with shared items, such as toys and door handles.

Avoid touching your eyes, nose and mouth

You can catch the Singapore flu if you have the virus on your hands and touch your eyes, nose or mouth. To reduce the risk, do not touch your eyes, nose or mouth and do not wash your hands.

Avoid close contact with sick people

Avoid touching a person with Singapore flu, such as hugging or kissing. And stay home if you are infected with this disease.

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How to treat Singapore flu in children

You can give acetaminophen or ibuprofen if your child is sick or irritable. Do not give aspirin to children or adolescents, as it can cause a rare serious condition called Stingray Syndrome.

Cold foods such as ice cream, smoothies, and popsicles can also help when the area is numb and make great treats for children with swallowing problems. Avoid hot drinks, sodas, and acidic foods (orange juice, ketchup, etc.) because they can make the pain worse.

Children with rashes or blisters on their hands or feet should keep the area clean and exposed. Wash skin with soap and warm water and dry. If a blister appears, apply a small amount of antibiotic ointment to help prevent infection and cover it with a small bandage.

Make sure your child drinks plenty of fluids to stay hydrated. Call your doctor if your child does not change or seems to be getting worse. Also call if you notice signs of dehydration, such as dry or sticky lips, runny eyes, or decreased urine output.

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