Can be experienced without realizing it, here are 6 types of depression and their symptoms, JAKARTA – Many things happen in human life. Some experience deep sadness. Generally, the feeling fades within a few days or weeks, and you will resume your activities. But for some people, forgetting sadness is not an easy thing.

If you experience periods of sadness that are long enough, it could be a sign of depression.

Depression affects everyone differently. It can occur for different reasons, it may exhibit different symptoms and even the healing process may be completely unique.

Two people may have completely different reasons and symptoms for depression. Depending on the cause, depression can be of various types and may have varying symptoms.

Launch Times of India, Monday (30/8/2021), here are the six most common types of depression and their symptoms.

1. Major Depressive Disorder (MDD)

Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) also known as clinical depression is the most common type of disorder. Regardless of the events happening around them, people suffering from this condition experience symptoms throughout the day. They still suffer from clinical depression, even though they may have great jobs and have families who love them. Sometimes people don’t even have a clear reason to feel depressed, but that doesn’t mean their struggles aren’t real.

Some of the symptoms of clinical depression are: Lack of interest in activities you normally enjoy, changes in weight, changes in sleep patterns, fatigue, feelings of worthlessness and guilt, difficulty concentrating, and thoughts of death and suicide.

2. Dysthymia atau Persistent Depressive Disorder (PDD)

Dysthymia or Persistent Depressive Disorder (PDD) is a case of depression that lasts for more than two years. This is a more chronic form of depression. Prolonged sadness can make it difficult for the person to carry out daily activities and even strain their relationships with others.

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Since this is long-term depression, the symptoms can be severe such as: Deep sadness or hopelessness, low self-esteem or feelings of inadequacy, lack of interest in something, changes in appetite, changes in sleep patterns or low energy, concentration and memory problems, and withdrawal. social.

3. Postpartum Depression (PPD)

Pregnancy can cause major hormonal changes in the body that can affect a woman’s mood. A woman may begin to feel depressed with the onset of pregnancy or after the birth of a child. This is known as postpartum depression. This condition is often confused with the baby blues. In reality, they are two different conditions and postpartum depression is more severe and long-lasting.

Symptoms may include: low mood, feelings of sadness, severe mood swings, social withdrawal, bonding problems with the baby, changes in appetite, feeling helpless and hopeless, anxiety and panic attacks, thoughts of hurting yourself or your baby, and thoughts of suicide.

4. Manic depression or bipolar disorder

It is a mood disorder characterized by periods of abnormal mood swings. There will be episodes of sadness followed by an abnormally elevated mood known as mania. A person is diagnosed with bipolar disorder if he or she experiences a manic episode that lasts for more than seven days after a period of depression.

Symptoms may include: Feelings of sadness or emptiness, lack of energy, fatigue, trouble sleeping, high energy, irritability, and increased self-esteem and self-confidence.

5. Atypical depression

Atypical depression is referred to as a condition that temporarily goes away in response to an upcoming positive event. This kind of depression is quite common. The main challenge is that other people don’t think you are depressed because you may not look sad and seem cheerful at times.

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Symptoms of such depression may include: Overeating, weight gain, oversleeping, fatigue, strong sensitivity to rejection, highly reactive mood, poor body image, and a variety of aches and pains.

6. Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD)

Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD) or seasonal depression is a disorder that changes with seasonal patterns. A person may be depressed in some seasons and be fine in others. Seasonal affective disorder mostly occurs in the winter months and symptoms may get worse as the seasons progress. After the season has passed, the person will return to normal.

Symptoms may include: Social withdrawal, oversleeping, weight gain, and feeling sad, hopeless, or worthless.



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