Four more years. Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau won a second term on Monday after the parliamentary elections, but will have to settle for a relative majority in Parliament.
More than 27 million Canadians voted in a 40-day campaign at one of over 20,000 polling stations in six time zones.
According to television projections a few hours after the closing of the last polls, the Liberals should get close to 160 of the 338 seats in the House of Commons. In the outgoing assembly, they had a comfortable majority of 177 seats.
While polled by the Liberals in all polls, the Conservatives of 40-year-old leader Andrew Scheer led in just over 120 ridings, followed by Bloc Québécois Independents (32). ) and the New Democratic Party (NDP, left) with 25 seats.
Felicity by Trump
Without waiting for the final results, the US President Donald Trump greeted in a tweet the victory of his Canadian neighbor, "magnificent and won a tough fight". He said he was pleased to continue working with them, despite the sometimes complicated relationship since the G7 in 2018 in Canada.
Justin Trudeau, 47, the son of former Prime Minister Pierre Elliott Trudeau, who stayed away from politics long after his father's death, won his bid for a second term. He overcame the many scandals that marked his four years in power and the often virulent opposition attacks on his record. But it is weakened by this vote and will have to get the support of a small party, presumably the 40-year-old NDP of Jagmeet Singh, to stay in power.
Scandals but a solid economy
Scandals have certainly begun its popularity: a case of political interference in legal proceedings, and the publication in full campaign of photos of him in black. Trudeau nonetheless defended his record: the Canadian economy is solid, based on free trade agreements with Europe, the United States and Mexico, cannabis has been legalized, it has introduced a carbon tax, hosted by tens of thousands of Syrian refugees …
As early as Tuesday, the Liberal leader should begin talks with these smaller parties for ad hoc agreements. The first test of the future government will be the Speech from the Throne, in which the government submits its legislative program to the vote of Parliament. The vast majority of his cabinet members are early or have been elected. Only two ministers (Natural Resources and Public Safety) were beaten.
For its part, Bloc Québécois leader Yves-François Blanchet praised his good score in Quebec, the only province in which he presented candidates: he should almost triple his 2015 score and be on par with the Liberals. He said he was open to a one-off collaboration, if Quebec's interests are preserved.