The Holy See announced on Friday, May 1, that Pope Francis had promoted in the order of cardinal bishops the Italian Beniamino Stella, 78, prefect of the Congregation for the Clergy, and Luis Antonio Tagle, 62, new prefect of the Congregation for the Evangelization of Peoples.
With this promotion, these two Cardinals of the Curia, considered very close to Pope Francis (Cardinal Stella had been one of the first appointments of Pope Francis to the Curia, and Cardinal Tagle has just been entrusted with the important Congregation for the evangelization of peoples), therefore now enjoy a place, admittedly symbolic, but preeminent within the college of cardinals.
While all cardinals are normally to be consecrated bishops – exceptions are granted to some of them appointed after the age of 80 and who will never be able to attend a conclave – the members of the Holy College are, however, divided into three “orders” which symbolically attached to the diocese of Rome: the cardinal-deacons (who receive the title of a Roman diakonia), the cardinal-priests (who receive the title of a Roman parish) and the cardinal-bishops.
The latter symbolically receive the title of one of the seven so-called “suburban” dioceses on the outskirts of Rome, and among them is the dean in charge of presiding over a possible conclave (or, if the latter is over 80 years old). , the vice-dean or oldest of the cardinal-bishops).
In 2018, in the absence of cardinal-bishops under the age of 80, the pope had already promoted four important cardinals of the Curia as cardinal-bishops, equating suburban dioceses with their presbyteral or diaconal titles.
223 cardinals, including 122 voters
Similarly this time, if Italian Cardinal Beniamino Stella succeeds French Cardinal Roger Etchegaray, who died last September as Cardinal-Bishop of Porto and Santa-Rufina, Philippine Cardinal Luis Antonio Tagle sees his title of San Felice from Cantalice to Centocelle became episcopal.
The Sacred College, which now has 223 cardinals (including 122 voters in the event of a conclave), now has eleven cardinal-bishops.
Bishop Ilson of Jesus Montanari, new vice-chamberlain
On Friday, May 1, Pope Francis appointed the current secretary of the Congregation for Bishops – and also secretary of the Sacred College – Bishop Ilson de Jesus Montanari, a 60-year-old Brazilian, as the new vice-president. camerling of the Holy Roman Church.
He succeeds Bishop Giampiero Gloder, a former president of the Pontifical Ecclesiastical Academy, who was appointed apostolic nuncio to Cuba last October.
Bishop Montanari will assist the current chamberlain, Cardinal Kevin Farell, at the head of the Apostolic Chamber, which is primarily responsible, at the time of the vacancy of the pontifical seat, for protecting and administering the property of the Holy See.