Chap El Chapo ’is available. The war is not drugs.

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(Reuters)

The man who was given a life sentence in prison was given a life sentence in Mexico in a courtroom in New York City on Wednesday. In its decision, t The US judge who was overseeing the case argued that there was no lighter sentence due to the scale of the crimes. “The evil is so hard,” said District Court Judge Brian Cogan with the courtroom.

Joaquín Archivaldo Guzman Loera, better known for his nickname “El Chapo,” is now among the most famous criminals. It was a key figure in Mexican drug trade for years; during the fourth century, he was in charge of the Cartel Sinaloa, and won more than $ 14 billion for selling drugs such as heroin, cocaine, metamatamine and marijuana.

Guzman, as President Trump put it, was a "hard-going male." He was ruthless, ordering torture and murder in person. He was cunning, escaping from two maximum security prisons in Mexico, in 2001 and 2015. But it was also frank: His recapture came in 2016 after a meeting with actor Sean Penn says the authorities said he had put him off his seat.

From extradition to the United States in 2017, Guzán was held in childbirth. He is joking about what he thinks is unfair. “The US is no better than any other corrupt country,” he said on Wednesday. But through his trial and stories about gory violence, excess and corruption, his legend is more than ever: his daughter launched a “El Chapo” clothing line this week to take advantage of her reputation.

There is a good reason to be satisfied that Guzman must spend the rest of his life behind the bars, away from the light. “From now on, El Chapo will only see his jailers, his lawyers, his family on a number of occasions, and the doctors who need to take care of him when his health certainly refuses,” wrote Alejandro Hope, security analyst, for El Universal. The next time the public hears about it, it may be at his death.

That could "come as relief," predicted. But for Mexico and the United States, there is little sign of relief from Guzán's violence.

Guzán may have gone, but the cartels are not. Gladys McCormick, an expert in Mexico's political violence at Syracuse University, said in an e-mail with WorldView Today, although there are no drug lords there now to focus media or political attention, cartels have moved to horizontal leadership such as multinational corporations.

Also, they expanded their businesses over drugs, explains McCormick, in other areas such as human trafficking, even half-law enterprises like mining. Both of these developments mean that it is much harder to prevent cartels from taking one person or one area of ​​their business. They are largely an adaptation of government anti-cartel policies.

“From Mexico President Felipe Calderón announced that the Drugs War has begun in 2006, both the US and Mexico security forces have proactively addressed the strategy they call: they go after the 'head'; With the intention of weakening the body, '' McCormick wrote. “After ten years of this approach, policy experts agree that it has failed and, if there is anything, the Drugs War has deteriorated.” T

Although there were now seven main cartels, there are now up to 20 smaller groups and midsize. In the two years Guzman was imprisoned, Mexico is the largest murder ever. In 2018, most of the violence was concentrated in the central state of Guanajuato; in particular, gangs did not fight for drugs, but for stolen fuel.

Five of the six most violent municipalities in the world are now in Mexico, according to a recent report. In Mexico City, capital that has been free from the worst violence has been a source of concern, when concerns about the recent kidnapping and murder of a college student have arisen that violence from organized crime is spreading, rather than diminishing.

It is clear that mexicans are a problem that is a major problem. A survey conducted by The Washington Post and Reforma Mexico earlier this month found that 55 per cent of the country believed that Mexico was the biggest problem facing Mexico, more than five times higher than any other possible problem. listed.

But so far, there is little evidence that the Mexican government has adapted to these new realities. The country's new leader, President Andrés Manuel López Obrador, tried to break into his predecessors, saying “there is no war” on drugs and promises to use “hugs, not bullet” to fight gangs.

His policy was not yet signed up to law and order, but cutting costs. In May, he said he intended to divert US funding to combat organized crime towards a social program. “It didn't work,” he said about US money.

The most significant transfer made by López Obrador against cartels was the creation of a National Mexican Guard, which was initially led by border control. But recently he ordered the guard to patrol the streets of the Mexican capital, against the wishes of many people who are uncomfortable with the idea because he recalls that there is a military police Calderón.

While Trump once offered privately to help former Mexican President Enrique Peña Nieto to tackle the "big league" of cartels, his administration led to little increase in violence in Mexico. Trump has spoken about Mexico's murder rate not in terms of cross-border law enforcement, but justified its hard migration policy and the need for a wall.

The Mexicans have their own concerns about immigration; 6 out of 10 say that migrants are burden their own country. But only 2 percent migrants were listed as the main problem facing Mexico. In the meantime, 45 per cent said that López Obrador 's action in the fight against drug trafficking and organized crime was bad.

The Mexican president may be able to skirt the issue now, and his overall approval rating is still high, at 70 percent. But he will never be able to do that. Having sentenced “El Chapo,” he is in danger of becoming the man of the Mexican government's policy against crime and violence.

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. (tags). (t) Joaquín Archivaldo Loera Guinea (t) Sinaloa (t) A tight kennel (t) Sean Penn (t) Felipe Calderón (t) City of Mexico (t) Andrés Manuel López Obrador (t) Border Guard

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