Save the Children Romania has monitored, over seven years (2008 – 2015) several specific indicators, as a basis for the Periodic Alternative Report to be presented to the UN Committee on the Rights of the Child on October 3, 2016, in Geneva, it is shown in a press release. com.
“More than half of the children in Romania (52.2%) live at risk of poverty or social exclusion, the average in the EU member states being 28%. The insufficiency of the resources allocated for education, health and social protection deepens the vulnerability of children from disadvantaged areas “, it is shown in the quoted communiqué.
In addition, Save the Children conducted an analysis of the children’s budget in Romania for the period 2008-2014 in the three defining areas of children’s rights (education, social protection and health) and found that Romania spends much less in these areas than Member States. EU, sometimes even half.
The situation is dramatic in education.
“Almost 366,000 children aged 3 to 17 years did not attend any form of education (preschool, primary, middle school, high school or vocational), in 2013. In a single school year (2012 – 2013), approximately 24,400 children have abandoned primary and secondary education (…). According to Eurostat, at the end of the 2014-2015 school year, the rate of early school leaving increased by 1.8% in only 2 years, from 17.3% (2012-2013) to 19.1% “, informs the quoted source.
The most vulnerable are Roma children. “Only 42% of Roma children (6-15 years old) went to kindergarten, compared to 87% of children of other ethnicities and living in the same environment. The percentage of children of compulsory education age who do not go to school is 22% in the case of Roma children and 6% in the case of children of other ethnicities “, informs the quoted source.
The latest INS statistics show that almost a third of children do not go to school.
Although education is free in Romania, the hidden costs covered by the family are high.
“Save the Children analysis indicates a worrying level of these hidden costs, the average total cost allocated per child is 1490 RON, and per family is 1,954 RON (considering families with more than one school child). Also, analyzing the results we see that this total cost can reach values of over 4,500 lei per year, per student “, it is shown in the quoted communiqué.
Among other aspects analyzed by Save the Children is infant mortality, worrying being the fact that almost half of the deaths of children under 5 years (48%) have preventable causes.
Abuse, aggression, and violence are other constants in the lives of Romanian children.
“Thus, a percentage of 63% of children say that they were beaten at home by their parents, while 20% of parents still consider corporal punishment as a means of educating their children,” the quoted source said.
On the other hand, according to official statistics, over 85,000 children in Romania have one or both parents who have gone to work abroad. “More, four out of ten of them are completely without parental care, having both parents gone abroad or coming from families in which the sole supportive parent is gone “, the quoted source shows.
Roma children represent a group with a special vulnerability from the perspective of access to health services.
“The mortality rate for children under 10 is more than three times higher in the Roma population, and access to preventive measures is much lower than in the general population: four times more Roma children have never been vaccinated, compared to the general population, and the number of Roma girls who have never been vaccinated is 11 times higher than that of girls in the general population households.
It is also worrying that, in recent years, there has been a decrease in vaccine coverage with vaccines included in the national vaccination schedule, along with the occurrence of a large number of cases of vaccine-preventable diseases. In addition to some recent syncopes in the supply of certain types of vaccines, important causes of incomplete vaccination of children are the non-presentation and refusal of vaccination (…)
A 2015 study on the vaccination situation in Romania shows that 31% of live births were detected as incompletely vaccinated, up from 0.7% compared to the previous year “, the analysis made by Salvati Copiii also shows.