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Common symptoms of anemia and their causes must be known


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Merdeka.com – Anemia is a condition in which the body lacks healthy red blood cells to carry oxygen to the body’s tissues. When you have anemia, also known as low hemoglobin, you will feel tired and weak. Hemoglobin is the main protein in red blood cells. This section carries oxygen, and sends it throughout the body.

There are many forms of anemia, and each has its own cause. Anemia can be temporary or long-term, and can range from moderate to severe. In most cases, anemia has more than one cause.

Symptoms of anemia may appear in circumstances that are difficult to detect. This is because the symptoms of anemia seem like a common condition or even asymptomatic at all. In this article, we will tell you the common symptoms of anemia and the cause of this condition.

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Symptoms of anemia

A common symptom of anemia and the public is known to be fatigue. However, the signs and symptoms of anemia itself are quite variable depending on the cause and severity of the anemia. Depending on the cause of the anemia, you may not even have symptoms of anemia when you have it.

illustration of anemia

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Reports at mayoclinic.org, signs and symptoms of anemia may include:

  • Fatigue
  • weakness
  • Skin pale or yellow
  • Irregular pulse
  • Hard to breathe
  • Dizziness or stress
  • Chest pain
  • Cold hands and feet
  • Headache

At first, the symptoms of anemia may be so mild that you don’t even notice them. But the symptoms of anemia can get worse when your anemia gets worse.

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Causes of anemia

Anemia can be caused by a condition present at birth (congenital) or a condition that you develop yourself. Anemia occurs when there are not enough red blood cells. This can happen if your body does not get enough red blood cells, bleeding causes you to lose red blood cells faster than they can be replaced, or your body destroys red blood cells.

Different types of anemia have different causes, such as:

  • Anemia deficit does. The most common type of anemia is caused by a lack of iron in the body. bone marrow you need to make hemoglobin. Without enough iron, your body cannot produce enough hemoglobin for red blood cells.
  • Vitamin deficiency anemia. In addition to iron, your body needs folate and vitamin B-12 to produce fairly healthy red blood cells. A diet lacking in these vitamins and other essential nutrients can lead to decreased red blood cell production. Some people who consume enough B-12 are unable to absorb the vitamin. This can lead to vitamin deficiency anemia, also known as dangerous anemia.
  • Inflammatory anemia. Certain diseases, such as cancer, HIV / AIDS, rheumatoid arthritis, kidney disease, Crohn’s disease, and other acute or chronic inflammatory diseases, can interfere with red blood cell production.
  • Aplastic anemia. Rare, life-threatening anemia occurs when your body does not produce enough red blood cells. Causes of aplastic anemia can be due to infections, certain medications, autoimmune diseases and exposure to toxic chemicals.
  • Anemia associated with bone marrow disease. Several diseases, such as leukemia and myelofibrosis, can cause anemia by affecting the production of blood in your bone marrow. The effects of this type of cancer range from mild to life-threatening.
  • hemolytic anemia. This group of anemia develops when red blood cells are destroyed faster than bone marrow can replace them. Certain blood diseases increase the destruction of red blood cells. You may inherit hemolytic anemia, or you may develop it later in life.
  • False anemia. This condition is caused by a defective form of hemoglobin that forces red blood cells to take an abnormal shape. These irregular blood cells die prematurely, causing a person to be chronically deficient in red blood cells.
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Prevention

vegetable food illustration

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Many types of anemia cannot be prevented. But you can avoid iron deficiency anemia and vitamin deficiency anemia by eating foods that contain a variety of vitamins and minerals, such as:

  • Do. Foods high in iron include beef and other meats, beans, lentils, fortified cereals and iron, dark green leafy vegetables and dried fruits.
  • Folate. This nutrient, and its synthetic form of folic acid, can be found in fruits and fruit juices, dark green leafy vegetables, legumes, kidney beans, peanuts, and fortified grain products, such as bread, cereals, pasta, and rice. .
  • Vitamin B-12. Foods rich in vitamin B-12 include meat, dairy, and fortified cereals and soy products.
  • Vitamin C. Foods rich in vitamin C include citrus fruits and juices, peppers, broccoli, tomatoes, melons, and strawberries. It also helps increase iron absorption.

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