The website of the Ministry of Defense also published an archive document in which the commander of the defense of Berlin, General Helmut Weidling, gave the order to stop the fight. He wrote that Adolf Hitler committed suicide and the German military “left alone.” The general said that the lack of heavy weapons and ammunition makes the fight pointless, and every hour “extends the terrible suffering of the civilian population of Berlin” and the wounded. According to him, everyone who dies in this struggle will “make a vain sacrifice.”
Defense Ministry declassified archival documents on the liberation of Warsaw
One of the documents says that the company of Senior Sergeant Syanov from the 756th Infantry Regiment broke into the Reichstag building first. The Nazi military tried to knock out Soviet soldiers during the day – set fire to the house and threw grenades at them. The clothes on the sergeant caught fire several times, and he had nothing to breathe. However, in the end, the company destroyed 150 German troops and captured another 300.
According to other documents, on May 2, Soviet troops captured 34 thousand German soldiers and officers. The Soviet command also dealt with the issue of providing food to the inhabitants of Berlin. The city introduced cards. 3 kg of bread, 0.5 kg of meat, almost 1.5 kg of sugar, 350 g of coffee, as well as vegetables, potatoes and dairy products were allocated for each citizen. From the documents it also follows that the command provided humanitarian assistance to other German cities, for example, Dresden, Stettin and Chemnitz.
Documents came from the funds of the Central Archive of the Ministry of Defense. The department also said that they had been published to protect and defend the historical truth, to counter the falsification of history and “attempts to revise the results of the Great Patriotic and World War II.”
The Berlin offensive began on April 16, 1945 and ended on May 2. It was conducted by three Soviet fronts – 1st Belorussian, 2nd Belorussia and 1st Ukrainian, as well as with the help of Polish troops. A week later, on May 9, the Great Patriotic War ended.