Diabetic coma: these are the causes

Star hairdresser had long been suffering from diabetes

The term diabetes mellitus from the Greek “diabainein” meaning “flow through” and the Latin “mellitus” meaning “honey-sweet” describes a characteristic symptom of the disease: the accumulating blood sugar is excreted through the kidneys with the urine. Diabetes is one Metabolic disease, in which the effect of the hormone insulin is impaired.

Adult-onset diabetes due to insulin resistance

Abandonment of Insulin is to transport the grape sugar (glucose) obtained from food into the cells of the muscles, kidneys, liver and adipose tissue. There the glucose is used to generate energy. If there is a lack of insulin, the sugar ingested with food remains unused in the blood. A characteristic of type 2 diabetes is that the actually sufficient amount of hormone produced does not reach its destination. The binding sites on the cell membranes required for this decrease over time due to a constant excess of sugar. This phenomenon is called Insulin resistance designated. Since this type of diabetes occurs mainly in the elderly, it was previously known as adult diabetes. The proportion of younger patients is now increasing. About 95 percent of diabetics get type 2, only three to five get type 1.

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Acidification and diabetic coma due to hypoglycemia

There are acute complications that can occur with high blood sugar. This is a metabolic acidification of the blood and the body, the so-called diabetic ketoacidosis. It occurs predominantly in type 1 diabetes, as well as hyperosmolar dehydration syndrome, which occurs mainly in type 2 diabetes. Both forms of metabolic dysfunction can lead to a diabetic coma or a hyperosmolar coma if left untreated.

Infections or insufficient insulin dose

Diabetic ketoacidosis is characterized by blood sugar levels above 250 mg / dl. Mostly it is caused by infections or too low a dose of insulin. The body lacks insulin, so the body cells cannot be supplied with sufficient energy. If the greatly increased blood glucose concentration leads to the kidney threshold being exceeded, pronounced glucosuria occurs, which can trigger progressive dehydration with electrolyte disturbances, impaired consciousness up to coma, volume deficiency shock and acute kidney failure.

Sources: zuck Krank.de/RTL.de


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