One of the most relevant characteristics of the intellectual world of Podemos is its theoretical anchorage in the universe of post-Marxism. The class struggle being abandoned as a principle of the progress of history, politics becomes a narrative struggle for the hegemon without another predefined destiny.igo Errejn, in the conversation book withChantal MouffeBuild town(Icaria, 2015), define in a very clear way this conception: In politics, positions and terrain are not given, they are the result of the dispute for meaning.
But to understand politics in a postmodern way, as a cultural exercise in the production of identities, where the old antagonism of class is replaced by the institution of new antagonisms, also means, in practice, to be able to say one thing and the other. Given that any redefinition of reality is useful as long as it is strategy-based. This has allowed Errejn, today candidate of Ms Madrid, to become, in defense of the origin of the Spanish democracy in the Transition. It follows from the words that Errejn dedicates to the leader of the PPCayetana lvarez de Toledo: Look, seora marchioness, democracy in this country to you and yours does not owe anything, toManuela Carmena, we owe it to our mothers and fathers, so a little bit of respect. That is to say, that in Spain we have democracy and we owe it to our elders.
Certainly, Errejn has never been among the politicians of Podemos more critical with the Transition. Recognizing, in his case, that he contributed to formalize important advances in rights for the popular classes. But in his speech they have never lacked the battery of topics that qualified the Transition as a correlation of weaknesses, followingVzquez Montalbn, or passive revolution, following the gramsciano theoretical tooling. Always, in any case, denouncing a process of political change that, in front of the official discourse, was qualified as insufficient. Because it had left intact the oligarchic powers of the Franco regime, making it impossible for the advent of democracy to break up.
However, the adventure now with Carmena, who capitalizes on her outstanding role as a Communist militant in the Franco regime and the Transition, forces Errejn to turn. Not only because it prevents him from separating the Transition from the restoration of democracy if he wants to legitimize the personal story of Carmena, but because in the speech on the Transition articulated by Podemos there was a criticism that falls, veiled, but with all its weight, about the memory of the PCE. The thesis of the kidnapping of democracy by the so-called regime of 78, made the left, PSOE and PCE, which committed to democratization reform and renounce ideological maximalism, cpllices a political maneuver that allowed the Francoist lites to maintain their hegemon with a reformism costume.
But perhaps it is futile to delve into the contradiction, because postmodernity holds everything. Then, long life to the discovery of the Transition.
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(tagsToTranslate) Spain (t) We can (t) Cayetana Álvarez de Toledo (t) Spain (t) Iñigo Errejón (t) Manuela Carmena (t) More Madrid (t) PP (t) PSOE (t) politics – politics ( general) (t) politics – politics (general) – political systems (t) Transition One (t) democracy