Children can from this Sunday get out of confinement to take walks with their parents near the home for an hour a day. This novelty has raised the doubts of parents about what measures to take to minimize risk of infections of coronavirus: They should wear a mask, gloves, where it is better to go or not.
Specialists in Pediatrics and Child Psychiatry of the University of Navarra Clinic recommend parents look for open spaces where they can keep your distance with other people (1.5 meters). “It is very interesting that they could use bicycles or skates, since they allow to carry out an individual activity, but at the same time they practice physical exercise. It is important to avoid common play areas, and not visit grandparents ‘or cousins’ houses. Nor go to birthday parties, “says Dr. Moreno.
Children suffering from chronic diseases must take extreme measures of these safety measures. And in the case of minors who have respiratory symptoms or fever, they should not leave the house.
These experts recommend the use of the mask, if available, unless they are in an outdoor location where they have no contact with other people. They are also not recommended for children under two years of age. «More important than the material they are made of is that the mask fits snugly on child’s face (there are pediatric masks) », indicates the doctor.
In the case of gloves, do not consider it necessary for children to wear, and consider most important to wash your hands when you get home and use hydrogels during the time they are out for a walk. “It is also convenient that, when they get home, they take a shower and change their clothes,” he adds.
How to take care of children’s mental health
Changes in lifestyle derived from confinement due to the Covid-19 crisis affect the physical and psychological health of all people, and that includes children. “Although they have a greater adaptability than adults, they also suffer from the limitation of social relations and sedentary lifestyle», Indicates Dr. Azucena Díez, specialist in child psychiatry at the University of Navarra Clinic and president of the Spanish Society for Child Psychiatry.
“Furthermore, children are exploratory in nature and acquire knowledge through experimentation and the use of the senses. So once the epidemiological situation changes, they are the first to leave. Also to take care of your health through sun exposure and contact with nature, “explains Dr. José Manuel Moreno, co-director of Pediatrics at the University of Navarra Clinic.
It is important to remember that children need to feel part of the group. Although they cannot do it at the moment, they have to keep in touch with your friends and classmates through new technologies.
Preschool children, up to 5 years old, constitute one of the most affected age groups, along with adolescents. “Young children are very energetic and restless; the inability to leave the house and the limitation of movement usually results in excessive restlessness, irritability, easy crying and sleep disturbances. Also, at this stage, due to their cognitive development, it is more difficult for them to understand the situation through logical explanations by the adults around them, “says Dr. Azucena Díez.
“For this reason, children are also heroes in this pandemic, they have been asked to make the same effort as the entire society, but without understanding the reasons and without the virus posing a risk to their health, as they spread the virus, but the symptoms are very slight at this stage, “he adds.