Tuesday, 11 Dec 2018

Does 'In God We Trust' belong in schools? More and more states say yes.

A week after the school massacre in Parkland, Fla., When grievance-stricken students demanded action at the Capitol State, Rep. Kimberly Daniels took part in the world of God, who said she spoke to her in a dream. God "is the light. The Jacksonville Democrat said Feb. 21. "It is not a secret that we have some issues that need to be addressed. But the real thing that needs to be addressed to the heart. "Her proposal? Ensuring every Florida public school student is educated in a building where "In God We Trust" – the national and Florida state motto – is prominently posted. The bill passed and was signed into law. [Florida legislature backs new gun restrictions after Parkland school shooting] This article is only available in English, and is available in the following languages: "In God We Trust." Arkansas passed a similar measure in 2017, which appears in Latin on the state seal: "Enriched God." These laws have emerged as some of the religion advocates. Advocates for these measures were heard by President Trump's picks for the US Supreme Court, both of which have been sided with religious interests.
Wyoming state Rep. Cheri Steinmetz seen in March showing an "In God We Trust" sign. (Bob Moen / AP)[[Kavanaugh record suggests he would favor religious interests in school debates]Some states and lawmakers have gone further, and they have been forced to go to school. Voters in Alabama this month overwhelmingly passed a ballot initiative that allows the Ten Commandments to be posted on government-funded property. Backers hope it will litigation, hopeful that the US Supreme Court and its conservative majority would rule in their favor. Arkansas State Rep. Jim Dotson, in Republican, said the national motto reflects a central part of what it means to be an American. He has sponsored the bill in the United States of America. "Our history and our heritage is incredibly important, making sure we remember our roots, remember where we came from," Dotson said. "America is a unique nation. It's the greatest nation in the history of this planet. Obviously, the laws are often passed by some of the authorities, some members of the public take up the offense of "In God We Trust," saying it. Violates the Constitution and the nation's legacy of keeping religion out of government. At its core, the recent spate of laws is part of a long-running battle between two competing visions of the nation – a fight that began not long after Puritans, seeking refuge from religious persecution, arrived. Americans have long disagreed about the role religion should play in public life. Some argue the acknowledgment of God is central to the nation's identity. Others point to the founders' efforts to eschew state-sponsored religion. Much of that battle has taken place in public schools. The Supreme Court in Pennsylvania, Pennsylvania, Pennsylvania, United States. More than five decades later, educators still struggle to find the balance between religious and social responsibility. The high court has struck down a graduation prayer and school-sponsored prayer that is led by a student. There have been battles over the religious structures, with religious groups prevailing. A school in the D.C. area tried to prevent two Muslim students from covering their heads during Ramadan. In rural Virginia, a lesson about Islam in the face of emailed threats. Schools have also wrestled with how to teach about Islam, an issue that has become fraught amid rising Islamophobia. Education Secretary Betsy DeVos, christian schools in Michigan, [‘Why do I need a note for my religion?’ Students are told to get permission slips to wear hijabs.] Charles C. Haynes, founding director of the Religious Freedom Center at the Newseum in Washington, said these tensions often flare when the nation is in tumult. "We've had a good start from the beginning of our country, even in the Colonial period, we've had a tension or really an argument about what kind of country we are," Haynes said. "When we have a period of great anxiety about our nation and we have a great upheaval. . . This comes back to the Civil War, when religion advocates pushed the Constitution to include references to God, and during the Cold War, when evangelical Christians successfully inserted "under God" into the Pledge of Allegiance. pushed to make "In God We Trust" the national motto. Haynes said we may be in such a time now, with growing polarization between Americans who have radically different values ​​and perspectives on issues such as abortion and same-sex marriage and growing up is changing the face of the nation. Trump harnessed and stoked that anxiety, Haynes argues, with his anti-Muslim rhetoric and when he cast Mexican immigrants as criminals and rapists. This may have been made some of the religious roots. School shoots have also contributed to that anxiety. That's why Daniels, of Florida, fought "to remember our children of the foundation of this country, which was founded on people who came for religious liberty," she said in February. Even though Daniels's measure passed, some viewed it as an empty gesture and accused the lawmaker of capitalizing on a tragedy to advance her agenda of pushing religion in schools. Greg Pittman teaches honors U.S. history at Marjory Stoneman High Douglas, the Florida school where 17 people died in the shooting. Pittman said he is religious but rests the effort to bring religion into schools following tragedy. "Pittman said," In God We Trust 'is going to protect us from somebody coming down from the hallway and shooting students and teachers, "Pittman said. Annie Gaylor, who leads the organization of fictions to remove religious references from public spaces, said the motto has "an exclusionary message" that favors the religious over the nonreligious. "They're using it as a weapon to proselytize to schoolchildren," said Gaylor, co-chair of the Freedom From Religion Foundation. Stoneman Douglas. Mei-Ling Ho-Shing, a 17-year-old survivor of the shooting and student activist, said she appreciated the initiative, saying the school could use "positivity." "It's powerful because it reassures people of faith," Shing said. Though Pittman and Ho-Shing disagreed on the measure, they agreed on one thing: Wherever the motto was posted, it was not easy to find on the sprawling campus. "If it's somewhere in our school," said Pittman, "I do not know where it is."

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