– Has long been known that overweight people have lowered immunity, says head of the Department of endocrinology of the medical faculty Russian national research medical University. N. And. Pirogov Tatiana Demidova. Research and practice show that in these patients increases the risk of atherosclerosis sharply increases the risk of heart attacks, strokes and heart failure. Increased risk of endocrinological, oncological diseases, joint diseases, psychological disorders.
Epidemic COVID has added another item to the list of high threats to people who are overweight. It turned out that when infected with coronavirus patients with obesity more often require hospitalization, fall into the ICU, on the ventilator (artificial lung ventilation). Alas, is growing and the risk of death.
– If the original messages fromon the most severe cases COVID it was mainly about the older people with severe chronic diseases, according to the latest data from and the risk group includes people with obesity – says Tatiana .
FACTS AND FIGURES
In what diseases most often develop complications due to coronavirus
90% of patients admitted with severe COVID-19 US hospitals, were the following comorbidities:
– hypertension — 49.7%,and
– obesity or 48.3%,
– chronic lung disease — 34,6%,
– diabetes type 2 diabetes was 28.3%,
– cardiovascular disease — 27,8%.
Thus, obesity is second among the States in which CouId be severe.
CORONAVIRUS, INFLUENZA, AND HIV, “LIKE” ADIPOSE TISSUE
Visceral adipose tissue, that is, one that is in the abdomen, is, in fact, highly individual body, experts explain. This body affects the immune, endocrine system and metabolism in the body as a whole.
– People who are overweightcells are much larger. So, is synthesized in much more of various hormones and inflammatory cells. Among them, including interleukin-6, interleukin-1, tumor necrosis factor, and others, – says Tatiana Demidova. Often in the body, there is a creeping inflammation.
At the same time observed that many viral infections and especially COVID-19 amplify the effectsand lead to the extension of the generalization of inflammation. “It was proved that adipose tissue serves as a reservoir for some viruses, such as influenza, and cytomegalovirus. Also, according to the latest data, it can be activated and coronavirus,” adds Demidov.
INSULATION NEEDS TO BE LONGER?
Studies have shown one more feature of coronavirus. As it turned out, he is able to spread rapidly in adipose tissue surrounding internal organs – lungs, liver, kidneys, heart, etc. because Of this, developing severe damage to these vital organs and people with excess weight, excess amount of adipose tissue increases the risk of death from multiple organ failure.
There is evidence that such patients are also unable to stay longer carriers of the virus, require longer hospital stay and isolation, said Tatyana Demidova.
AFTER INFECTION — DIABETES
There is evidence and that not less than one-third of patients hospitalized with COVID-19 in China, European countries and the United States, the infection resulted in damage of the pancreas. This was confirmed by elevated enzymes amylase and lipase, and glucose levels in the blood plasma.
– This is a very disturbing circumstance. Since we talking about high risk of developing diabetes type 2 diabetes in people with the original obesity after recovery from infection, says Dr. Demidov.
It is not excluded that after the break the pace of the epidemic COVID, we will see a worldwide surge in the incidence of diabetes, experts say.
So now, when the opportunity walks, sports, seasonal ripe fruits and vegetables rich in fiber, doctors suggest the obese individuals to exert their maximum effort for getting rid of really dangerous extra pounds.
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