The Secretary of the Malvinas, Antarctica and South Atlantic of the Foreign Ministry, Daniel Filmus, assured this Sunday that the United Kingdom “should discuss a mechanism for transferring the exercise of sovereignty” on the South Atlantic Islands, as required by resolution 2065 of the United Nations (UN).
In an interview with Télam, Filmus highlighted that “Argentina is advancing in various ways” to achieve sovereignty over the usurped Malvinas Islands, and stressed that “the most important is through pressure from multilateral organizations.”
In that sense, the Foreign Ministry official said that “practically everyone has expressed the need for the United Kingdom to comply with resolution 2065 of the United Nations (UN), which turns 55 years old and urges the United Kingdom to sit down. with Argentina to discuss a mechanism for transferring the exercise of sovereignty. “
“Argentina advances in various ways to achieve sovereignty. The most important is through pressure from multilateral organizations.” ”
What the resolution says
Approved on December 16, 1965, that resolution recognized the existence of a sovereignty dispute between the United Kingdom and Argentina over the Malvinas Islands and invites both countries to enter into negotiations to find a peaceful solution to the dispute, taking into account the interests of the inhabitants of the islands.
In the same way, it recognized that the case of the Malvinas falls within a colonial situation, which must be resolved taking into consideration what was expressed in resolution 1514 (XV) of December 14, 1960, where the objective of eliminating all forms of of colonialism.
Since then, more than 40 resolutions of the General Assembly and the Special Committee on Decolonization have reiterated the call to the parties to achieve a diplomatic solution to the dispute over the sovereignty of the islands.
In addition to the successive resolutions of the General Assembly and the treatment of the Question in the Decolonization Committee, Argentina has the firm support of the Latin American countries for their legitimate sovereign rights over the Malvinas, South Georgia and Sandwich Islands. of the South and the surrounding maritime spaces, and the call for the resumption of negotiations is shared by the Organization of American States, the G77 plus China, and other multilateral and regional forums.
Filmus highlighted the importance of protecting sovereignty rights in an area of ”immense wealth” in terms of resources of the seabed and subsoil and preventing it from continuing “to be exploited by those who usurped the islands, with the wealth of 45 million of Argentines and Argentines “.
“We are talking about a usurpation that to have a dimension, if one takes into account the exclusive economic zone, that is, the 200 nautical miles around the islands, of 2.2 million square kilometers, is ten times more than the extension that has the United Kingdom, “he graphed.
For Filmus, “clearly there is no other intention, on the part of the United Kingdom, other than to have a gateway to Antarctica, to have the hydrocarbon and fish wealth that exist in that region, to seek control of the passage bi-oceanic, which is the only natural passage to the Pacific from the Atlantic, and at the same time having the possibility of installing a military base of a NATO (North Atlantic Treaty Organization) country in a strategic location “.
The endorsements received
The official said that this year Argentina “achieved enormous decisions by different organizations” in favor of the claim on the sovereignty of the Malvinas Islands, South Georgia, the South Sandwich Islands and the surrounding maritime spaces.
He listed the support received from the Southern Common Market (Mercosur), the Community of Latin American and Caribbean States (Celac), the Organization of American States (OAS), the Special Committee in charge of Examining the Situation with regard to the Application of the UN Declaration on the Granting of Independence to Colonial Countries and Peoples (C 24) – also known as the Special Committee on Decolonization – and the Group of 77 + China.
“This work that Argentine diplomacy did throughout the world is what creates the conditions for us to say that it is not a national cause, it is a regional and global cause,” the official remarked.
In this context, he highlighted the decision of the G 77 + China of last November 12, in which “134 countries of the world told the United Kingdom, on the one hand, that it has to sit down to discuss with Argentina and, on the other, claim the rights of our country over the natural resources in that region. ”