The American architect of Chinese origin is especially famous for having designed the Louvre pyramid.
He is at the origin of multiple buildings of different styles in the United States and in China. The architect Ieoh Ming Pei died in the night from Wednesday to Thursday, May 16, at 102 years old. The Sino-American was the heir of the international style, whose buildings with clean geometric lines are distinguished by their irregular and very characteristic silhouettes. Franceinfo presents you withinq of his most iconic achievements.
Washington: National Gallery of Art (1978)
The architect realizes the east wing of the National Gallery of Art in the American capital. This addition to the main building is organized around two triangles supported by a concrete and glass structure. On the forecourt of the building, pyramids of broken glass rise from the ground and the top of a fountain fifteen meters high, buried under the ground. "This building influenced the construction of museums throughout the United States in the 1970s and later", wrote the architect Dennis Sharp.
Paris: Pyramid of the Louvre (1989)
The pyramid of glass and metal erected in the middle of the Napoleon courtyard of the Louvre Palace in Paris, the world's busiest museum, was strongly criticized in France. This order from President François Mitterrand has since become "symbol of modernity of the museum and an emblem of Paris", As explained by the president of the Louvre, Jean-Luc Martinez, in 2017.
Open to the public in 1989, this gigantic structure was designed to allow a better reception of visitors. The feat of Ieoh Ming Pei was to imagine a basement entrance capable of connecting the three different wings of the establishment by underground. The central hall, located under the pyramid, is bathed in light thanks to the glass structure of the colossal realization.
Hong Kong: Bank of China Tower (1989)
The Bank of China Tower, one of Hong Kong's most distinctive buildings, stands at 367.4 meters. Consisting of four triangular towers of glass and aluminum, of different heights and planted in a granite base, the building with a geometric facade reflects the skies changing the day and the lights of the city at night. The 72-storey building received a warm welcome from those who felt that its sharp, triangular lines disturbed the harmony of the environment.
Japan: Miho Museum (1997)
Lost in the Japanese Shiga Mountains near Kyoto, the Miho Museum is buried three-quarters to preserve the classified natural site. Visitors take a path lined with cherry trees, then a cable-stayed bridge that leads to a monumental tunnel leading to the main building. Commissioned by Mihoko Koyama, founder of a religious organization, the triangular glass roof building presents a rich collection of oriental and western art.
Qatar: Museum of Islamic Art in Doha (2008)
Built on an artificial island, the five-storey building was designed to represent the "quintessence of Islamic architecture", according to the architect, who had asked for it to be "considered a sculpture".
The imposing sand-colored building, composed of cubes and octagonal blocks stacked on top of each other, changes its appearance according to the play of shadows and lights arranged on the facade, thus multiplying the characteristic geometrical patterns of art. Islamic.