Tuesday, 13 Nov 2018
World

From the First Shot to the Silence of Peace: Chronology of the First World War

PARIS – Driven by the assassination of an archduke, the First World War gradually entangled more and more countries, killing millions of soldiers and civilians and affecting several continents.

As the world marks the centenary of the stoppage of fighting, here are some key moments from the First World War:

1914

June 28: Serbian teenager Gavrilo Princip kills the Austrian archduke Franz Ferdinand

July 28: Austria-Hungary declares war on Serbia

August 1st: Germany declares war on Russia

August 3: Germany declares war on France

August 4: Germany invades Belgium; Britain declares war on Germany

August 23: Japan declares war on Germany

September: the Battle of the Marne stops the German advance in France

October 29: The Ottoman Empire enters the war

November: beginning of the trench war

December 25th: Unofficial Christmas Truce

1915

February: The German submarine campaign marks the first major use of submarines in the war

April: Allied troops land in Gallipoli, Turkey, a decisive moment for Australia and New Zealand.

April 22: first use of a chemical weapon, chlorine gas, near Ypres, Belgium

May 7: The British ship Lusitania sunk by a German submarine

May 23: Italy enters the war against Austria-Hungary

October: Bulgaria joins the war, alongside the Central Powers

1916

February 21: beginning of the Battle of Verdun

March 9: Germany declares war on Portugal

July 1st: beginning of the battle of the Somme, with a first massive use of tanks

August 27: Romania enters the war and is invaded by Germany

September 4: The British take Dar es Salaam in German East Africa

October: injured soldier Adolf Hitler

December 23: Allied forces defeat Turkey in the Sinai Peninsula

1917

March: Baghdad falls to Anglo-Indian forces

April 6: The United States declares war on Germany

April: Battle for Vimy Ridge, a turning point for Canada

July: The last Russian offensive results in a failure in the approach of the revolution. inconclusive battle of Passchendaele in Belgium

October 15: Spy Mata Hari executed by a French firing squad

October 26: Brazil declares war and joins the Allied Powers

December: Battle of Jerusalem

1918

March 3: The Treaty of Brest-Litovsk puts an end to Russia's engagement in the war on the Eastern Front.

April 21: legendary German fighter pilot known as Red Baron shot and killed near Amiens, France

June: The Battle of Belleau Wood, Decisive Moment for the US Army

July 21: A German submarine fires in Cape Cod, attacking only on the American continent.

September 26: start of the Battle of Meuse-Argonne

October 30: The Ottoman Empire signs the armistice with the allies

October 31: Dissolution of the Austro-Hungarian Empire

November 9: Kaiser Wilhelm II of Germany abdicates

November 11: Germany signs an armistice ending the war

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For more information on the First World War, visit the Associated Press's WWI hub: https://www.apnews.com/WorldWarI

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World War I: Commemorative Centennial Edition of the AP. Now available exclusively on Amazon: https://amzn.to/2JGrx5U

Copyright 2018 The Associated Press. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, disseminated, rewritten or redistributed.

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