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Get to know the characteristics and methods of detecting kidney failure from UGM doctors


KOMPAS.com – If you have kidney disease, it must be treated immediately. When treated quickly, it can be problematic for health.

In fact, it can cause death if mishandled and reluctant to go to the doctor early.

Doctor of the Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Kidney and Hypertension, Universitas Gadjah Mada (UGM), Metalia Puspitasari provides education about kidney disease.

Meta explained the background of World Kidney Day being commemorated because mortality related to kidney disease continues to increase every year and is projected to be the 5th cause of death in 2040.

“As many as 10 percent of people have kidney problems, namely chronic or old ones. 9 out of 10 people don’t understand and don’t know that they have kidney problems. The kidney theme this time is to bridge the lack of public knowledge about kidney disease,” said Meta, quoted from the UGM website.

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He explained that people need to know if kidney disorders are divided into two.

First, kidney disorders are acute (occurs suddenly) and the second is chronic (has been happening for a long time).

“Acute kidney disorders are usually caused by other things such as insufficient drinking intake, severe vomiting, profuse diarrhea, causing a lack of fluids in the body,” he said.

In addition, the consumption of certain drugs can also cause acute kidney disorders.

Meanwhile, chronic kidney disorders are caused by long-term disease.

“Such as high blood pressure (hypertension), diabetes, heart disease, infections that are not treated effectively that slowly damage the kidneys and reduce the function of these organs over time,” he explained.

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Meta said there are several tests that can be done for early detection of kidney disorders.

These include increased blood pressure and pulse, swelling of body parts, pale or anemic face, and decreased urination.

This can be categorized as the characteristics of a problematic kidney. However, it is necessary to detect further to determine kidney problems.

“We can also perform laboratory tests such as urea, creatinine, and urine to determine kidney function,” he added.

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High creatinine levels in the blood can be a sign of kidney problems.

“There is also an electrolyte check. When someone has kidney problems, these electrolytes become imbalanced. This is a simple check that can be done,” he said.

Then, if you feel symptoms of impaired kidney function, Meta recommends immediately consulting the nearest internal medicine doctor.

“For kidney disorders, we can consult with an internal medicine doctor while seeing what direction the kidney disorders are going. If kidney problems are due to an enlarged prostate, we can then consult with a urology specialist,” he added.

When an enlarged prostate causes urinary flow disorders, certain actions need to be taken.

If kidney disorders are accompanied by tumor disorders in the gynecological area or uterus, you can consult an internist or obstetrician.

“In addition to internal medicine doctors, we can consult internal medicine doctors who specialize in kidney and hypertension consultants,” concluded Meta

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