KOMPAS.com – A giant sun spot that has inflated to 2.5 times the size of Earth in just 24 hours, now points to our planet.
According to Spaceweather.comthe sun spot called AR3038 grew rapidly from Sunday (June 19) to Monday night (June 20), making it now 31,900 miles in diameter.
Quotes from Science AlertFriday (24/6/2022) Sun spots are dark spots on the surface of the sun, where a large magnetic field is created by the flow of electric charge from the solar plasma.
Then the resulting energy release to launch radiation bursts is called a solar flare and produces a beam of solar material called a solar flare. more coronal ejection (CMEs).
“This rapid growing sunspot doubles in size in just 24 hours. The AR3038 also has an unstable beta-gamma magnetic field that stores energy for M-class solar clashes and faces Earth directly,” wrote Spaceweather.com, a site that talks about there. Solar subjects, geomagnetic storms, and other cosmic meteorological events.
Read also: Why does the sun rise in the east and set in the west?
Despite their rapid growth, the giant sunspots are not as scary as they seem.
The created flare is likely to produce a class M solar flare. Generally, according to the European Space Agency, it will cause radio outages affecting the Earth’s polar regions and small radiation storms.
The process occurs when the sun’s flare hits the Earth’s atmosphere, X-rays and ultraviolet radiation ionize the atoms, making it impossible to reflect high-frequency radio waves that can cause radio blackout interference.
Radio outages occur in areas of the Earth that are illuminated by the sun as a flare progresses. Breakdowns are sorted from R1 to R5 according to their severity.
In previous reports, in April and May two solar flares caused a blackout at R3 levels over the Atlantic Ocean, Australia and Asia.
When a solar flare travels at the speed of light, it takes only 8 minutes to reach Earth, from an average distance of about 150 million kilometers.
Meanwhile, if a sun spot facing Earth forms near the Sun’s equator, it usually takes less than two weeks to cross the sun until it no longer faces Earth.
Currently, AR3038 is located slightly north of the Sun’s equator and more than half way, so Earth will remain at its cross for a few more days.
Class M rockets are the most common type of solar rocket, although the sun also occasionally releases very large class X rockets (the strongest category) and the potential to cause high frequency blackouts on the side of the Earth to which the rocket is exposed. But this rarely happens.
In addition, sun spots can also emit solar material. On a planet with a large magnetic field like Earth, a dam of solar debris from the CME absorbed by our magnetic field, triggers large geomagnetic storms.
If solar debris from the CME reacts with the Earth’s magnetic field, it can create colorful light in the atmosphere known as aurora.
Also read: Sunspot Blast Dead Triggered Aurora, Expert Explains
However, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration’s (NOAA) Space Weather Prediction Center, which monitors solar flares and other explosions, has not issued an actual aurora warning for Earth.
Even so, the motion of these electrically charged particles can also disrupt the planet’s magnetic field and cause the satellite to fall to Earth. Extreme electromagnetic storms can even paralyze the Internet.
Since 1775 astronomers have known that solar activity rises and falls according to a cycle of about 11 years.
But recently, the Sun has been more active than expected, with nearly twice the NOAA sun spot predicted.
Solar activity is forecast to continue to increase over the next few years, reaching an overall maximum in 2025 before declining again.
Read also: For the first time, sun spots are caught by this sharp telescope
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