KOMPAS.com – The telescope is one of the important instruments that help humans, to know more about the formation of the universe. What is the history of the telescope when it was first invented?
Generally, telescopes are used by scientists and astronomers, to study the sky and the objects in it.
The telescope is one of the world-changing inventions that was invented more than 600 years ago.
With its presence, telescopes have succeeded in becoming an important part of our science and enabling everyone to see objects that are far away in order to appear up close.
In the history of the invention of the telescope, there have been many notable inventors, engineers, mathematicians, and physicists who have tried to perfect their initial simple form.
This is nothing but done to make it worthy of being an important tool in a research.
When it comes to telescopes, Galileo Galilei’s name is often referred to as the inventor of the first telescope. However, it turns out that the first telescope was not invented by Galilei, but by a Dutch eyeglass maker named Hans Lippershey.
Also read: Not Galilei, this is the inventor of the first telescope
As reported by History of TelescopeWednesday (6/4/2022) the history of making telescopes began in 1608 by a group of Dutch eyeglass makers who all made the first telescope models at the same time.
However, the patent for the telescope device went to Lippershey. At that time, his homemade tool was called “viewer” which means tool to see.
He also claims that his telescope can see distant objects, with a magnification of up to three times.
Lippershey succeeded in developing the first telescope based on the experience in the notebooks of a number of scientists from India, Egypt, China, Greece, Rome, and Arabia.
The first telescope he made consisted of a concave lens as an eyepiece and a convex lens as an objective lens.
Interestingly, the Lippershey telescope was created by accident when a child held two lenses at the same time in his eyeglass shop.
The history of the telescope as reported by Space, Tuesday (10/26/2021) some experts at the time argued that Lippershey stole the design of the invention of the telescope that was created by another lens maker named Zacharias Jansen. As a result, Lippershey’s patent for the telescope was rejected.
Also read: Radio Telescope, How the World Knows the Universe
However, there is no evidence to support that Lippershey stole the design of Jansen’s instrument so the credit for the invention of the telescope goes to him. While Jansen has been considered the inventor of the microscope
Hans Lippershey’s invention was eventually popular throughout Europe, but not through the design of his own telescope, but with the instruments that Galileo Galilei perfected. In 1609, Galilei heard about the invention of the telescope in Holland.
This prompted him to create a similar tool without ever seeing the Lippershey telescope design.
Galileo Galilei’s telescope was of a higher quality than the first telescope. This is because Galilei’s tool is capable of magnifying the image of objects up to 20 times.
In addition, Galilei is also known as the person who first used his telescope to observe the sky. Thus, he was able to find that the surface of the Moon looks like a crater.
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With his telescope, Galilei was able to see Saturn’s rings and later discovered that Jupiter had four moons.
The telescope made by Galileo Galilei was also finally presented before the senate in Venice. Because the senate was amazed and satisfied with his findings, Galilei was appointed a lecturer at the University of Padua.
After the discovery of the Galileo Galilei telescope, scientists from all over Europe began to develop the technology by providing new features in its lenses.
Furthermore, in the 20th century telescopes of all shapes and sizes began to be made by collecting other parts of the electromagnetic spectrum such as x-rays, ultraviolet, infrared, and gamma rays.
Currently, scientists have several large telescopes that are able to see conditions in outer space well.
One of them is the James Web Space Telescope, which will observe how the first galaxies formed, to see the origins of life, including the existence of exoplanets or exoplanets.
Also read: Hubble Telescope Captures Rare Space Objects, What Is It?
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