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How to distinguish between seasonal allergies, influenza and corona virus?

I wrote – Shaima Morsi

The symptoms caused by the emerging coronavirus are similar to the symptoms of seasonal influenza and allergies, so it makes sense for people to ask about the differences between these viral diseases.

According to the World Health Organization, we show symptoms for seasonal flu:

Sudden increase in body temperature.

Coughing, usually dry, may last for two weeks or more.


Muscle and joint pain


-Sore throat.

-Runny nose.

However, influenza can cause severe illnesses or even lead to death if it occurs in one of the most dangerous groups, such as:

Pregnant women and children between 6 and 59 months of age.

Elderly and individuals with certain chronic diseases, such as: AIDS, HIV infection, asthma, and chronic heart or pulmonary diseases.

Health care workers are the groups most at risk of complications, and the period between the acquisition of infection and the appearance of patients, known as the incubation period, lasts approximately two days.

As for the transmission of infection, seasonal influenza spreads easily and the infection spreads quickly in crowded places, including schools and nursing homes.

When an infected person coughs or sneezes, virus-containing spray (infectious mist) spreads in the air and among the very close people who inhale it.

The virus can also spread through contaminated hands. To prevent infection, people should cover their mouths and nose with a tissue when coughing and wash their hands regularly.

The World Health Organization recommends vaccinating the following groups annually:

Pregnant women in all stages of pregnancy.

Children from 6 months to 5 years old.

The elderly (over 65 years old).

People with chronic conditions.

And health workers.

To reduce the risk of serious complications from influenza and the people who live with or care for them.

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The symptoms of the Corona virus are as follows:


Coughing is a common symptom, but it is not just any coughing. It must be a dry cough that you feel in your chest.

For some people, extreme fatigue can be an early sign of the new SK virus. The World Health Organization report found that nearly 40% of about 6000 people with confirmed cases suffer from fatigue.

-High temperature.

-Sore throat.



Respiratory problems.

New symptoms appear

In addition to coughing, sneezing, shortness of breath and high body temperature, which are:

Loss of smell:

A large number of patients in South Korea, China and Italy have suffered an olfactory loss.

A team at “King’s College London” looked at more than 400,000 people who reported symptoms of “Covid-19”, and found that more than 18% of cases reported a loss of sense of smell or taste.


The best way to describe the sensation of burning eyes is to compare itching and irritation that you may face if you have hay fever or other allergies.

This type of itching and irritation can occur between smog, smoke, dust and mold.

Sudden confusion:

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention says that sudden confusion or the inability to wake up and wake up may be a serious sign that emergency care may be necessary. So if you or someone in your family suffers from these symptoms, especially with other signs such as blue lips, difficulty breathing, or chest pain.

Seasonal allergy symptoms:

The respiratory allergy experienced by large numbers of people during the fall or spring semester is significantly less severe than the flu and the new coronavirus.

Symptoms that may indicate an allergy are as follows, according to the “clevelandclinic” website:

-Runny nose.


Watery eyes.

Redness of the skin of the nose due to irritation.

Allergy is a reaction specifically to the elements that circulate in the air during the fall and spring seasons.

As for allergies, it is easy to tell the difference. Symptoms in this case tend to be mild and appear on the face without any effects on other body systems.

However, if severe symptoms such as fever appear, contact a healthcare professional immediately.

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