Hydrogen fuel cell vehicles: what can we expect from the future?
It was discussed in the context of #FORUMAutoMotive, with a special webinar linked to this technology. At the forefront, to move from dreams to reality, there is the road transport sector, ready to face a real epochal revolution for a sector that remains highly strategic.
The transport chain feels “ready” to face the challenge, but asks for a targeted strategy and adequate infrastructures.
“Electricity has been a mantra that has been the focus of attention for years and hydrogen can represent a significant step forward – underlined Pierluigi Bonora, promoter of #FORUMAutoMotive -. Heavy transport is the number one candidate to go from words to deeds, but once again infrastructure and distribution are in hiding. There are only guidelines. But an underestimated element of the transition remains to be clarified: if the state were to give up the taxes on conventional fuels, where will it go to recover the funds that are now insured by excise duties? “
“The sector – underlined Raffaella Paita, president of the Transport Commission of the Chamber – needs innovation for research and strategy, so it is right to continue to confront. In this phase – he argues – the recovery plan will play a very important role; we can obtain funding and we must channel it into projects that involve the entire supply chain.
“We are all convinced that the future will be zero emissions – commented Paolo Starace, president of Unrae Veicoli Industriali – but we need coherence of action because the problems and bottlenecks that hinder the electric could recur even with the ‘hydrogen”.
For Giuseppe Marotta, CEO of BeMobility, member of the Euopean Clean Hydrogen Alliance “Italy is a candidate as an international hub, as it already is for gas; the challenge is played on the reduction of costs, with the aim of reaching 2 dollars / kg for green hydrogen. It will be important – I stressed – to synchronize the projects and implement them in a rational way in order to use the subsidies effectively: The allocation of resources related to hydrogen in Europe is about 2,000 billion euros in the distribution phase of the individual member countries. Today, hydrogen is divided into three bands: gray, obtained from a natural gas process that involves a waste of CO2, which costs about 2 dollars per kg; blue, with stored CO2 residue; it is green. The latter is the most interesting today, produced with a total reduction of CO2 and for this reason it is also the most expensive, between 5 and 6 dollars / kg “.
A mix of power supplies is the most probable scenario for Gianandrea Ferrajoli, president of Federauto Trucks: “I don’t think diesel will disappear in 2030 and electricity will be the only power source. The most likely scenario for the transport sector, at that date, could be this: clean diesel still over 50 percent, hydrogen 10 percent, Lng 15 percent, the rest electric for city use ”.
“It is not enough to be innovative – concludes Domenico De Rosa, CEO of the Smet Group – accessibility is needed, with manufacturers who must be guarantors of accessibility. But sustainability must not only be environmental, it must also be economic for companies “.