Home » Health » “I’m surprised by that.” Scientists deconstructed by the spread of monkeypox in Europe and the United States – News

“I’m surprised by that.” Scientists deconstructed by the spread of monkeypox in Europe and the United States – News

Cases of this smallpox-related disease have already been seen only among people with ties to Central and West Africa.

However, in the past week, Britain, Spain, Portugal, Italy, the United States, Sweden, and Canada all reported infections, especially in young men who had not traveled to Africa before.

France, Germany, Belgium and Australia today confirmed the first cases.

“I am amazed at this. Every day I wake up and there are more infected countries,” said Oyewale Tomori, a virologist at the Nigerian Academy of Sciences and a member of several advisory boards of the World Health Organization (WHO).

“This is not the kind of spread we’ve seen in West Africa, so there might be something new happening in the West,” he said.

To date, no deaths associated with the virus have been recorded. Monkeypox usually causes fever, chills, itchy skin, and sores on the face or genitals.

The WHO estimates that the disease is fatal to one in 10 people, but smallpox vaccines are protected and some antiviral drugs are being developed.

British health authorities are investigating whether the disease is sexually transmitted. Health officials urged doctors and nurses to be alert to potential cases, but said the risk to the general population was low.

The European Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (ECDC) recommends that all suspected cases be isolated and that smallpox vaccines be offered to high-risk contacts.

Nigeria reports about 3,000 cases of monkeys a year, according to the WHO. Outbreaks usually occur in rural areas when people have close contact with infected rats or squirrels, Tomori said.

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Ifedayo Adetifa, head of the country’s Centers for Disease Control, said none of the contacts of Nigerian British patients had developed symptoms and that investigations were continuing.

WHO Director-General for Europe Hans Kluge described the outbreak as “atypical”, saying that the appearance of the disease in many countries on the continent suggested that “transmission has been going on for some time”. He also mentioned that most European cases are mild.

The British Health Security Agency reported today 11 new cases of monkeys, saying that “a remarkable proportion” of the most recent infections in the UK and Europe were in young men with no history of travel to Africa, who were homosexual, bisexual or having. sex with men.

Authorities in Spain and Portugal also said that the cases were reported in young men who had mostly had sex with other men, adding that these cases were detected when men appeared with lesions in sexual health clinics.

Experts insist that they do not know if the disease is spreading through sex or other close, sex-related contacts.

Nigeria has not recorded sexual transmission, Tomori said, but noted that some viruses that were not initially known to be sexually transmitted, such as Ebola, were later identified with this form of transmission after major outbreaks showed different patterns of spread. .

The same could be true for monkeypox, Tomori said.

In Germany, Health Minister Karl Lauterbach said the government was confident the epidemic could catch up, revealing that the virus is sequential to see if there are any genetic changes that could make it more infectious.

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Rolf Gustafson, a professor of infectious diseases, told Swedish broadcast SVT that it was “very difficult” to imagine that the situation could get worse.

Gustafson said: “We will certainly get a few more cases in Sweden, but I don’t think there will be an epidemic at all.” Nothing suggests it at this point. “

Scientists have said that although it is possible that the first patient in the epidemic contracted the disease while in Africa, what is happening now is outstanding.

“We’ve never seen anything like this happen in Europe,” said Christian Happi, director of the African Center for Excellence in Genomic Infectious Diseases.

“We don’t see anything saying that monkeypox transmission patterns have changed in Africa. So if something different is happening in Europe, then Europe needs to look at that.

Happi also pointed out that the suspension of the chickenpox vaccine campaign after the disease was eradicated in 1980 could inadvertently help the spread of monkeys.

The chickenpox vaccine also protects against monkeys, but mass vaccination has been suspended for decades.

Portugal accounts for 23 cases of infection with the Monkeypox virus according to the Directorate General of Health (DGS), which is awaiting results regarding other samples.

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