International mobilization around Macron against online violence

Emmanuel Macron and New Zealand Prime Minister Jacinda Ardern sound the mobilization against online violence by launching on Wednesday in Paris the "Christchurch Appeal", two months after the live broadcast on Facebook of the attack on mosques in New Zealand.

The Elysee will bring together both heads of state and government such as King Abdullah of Jordan, Senegalese President Macky Sall or Britain's Theresa May, and bosses of the digital giants, including Google, Twitter and Facebook.

Their common concern? "Ask countries and large digital companies to act against terrorism and violent extremism online," says the Elysee.

Symbolically, this meeting will begin with a "karanga", a traditional Maori song expressing the suffering of the New Zealand people after the massacre of 51 Muslims in Christchurch on March 15.

This drama provoked a shock because the attack was "designed to be viral", explains Jacinda Ardern to the World. "Facebook, which was used as a live streaming platform, tried to delete the video: they removed it 1.5 million times, and in the first 24 hours it was put back on YouTube every second ", according to her.

Faced with such a phenomenon, "we can not act alone" at the scale of a country, insists the Prime Minister New Zealand. "We must provide a global response to a global network".

With this concern joining Emmanuel Macron's, the two leaders set up the "Christchurch Appeal", which is joined by some 20 leaders and bosses, including Canadian Prime Ministers Justin Trudeau, Norwegian Erna Solberg and Irishman Leo Varadkar as well as Indonesian Vice President Jusuf Kalla.

"The objective is to give ourselves axes of work for the future" in particular in terms of "reactivity to the incidents", and "collaboration" between the various actors, platforms, states and civil society, underlines the Elysée.

– On the G7 menu –

This call will be launched at the second "Tech for Good" Summit, initiated in 2018, to discuss how new technologies can contribute to the common good, such as education and health. Emmanuel Macron has invited some 180 leaders from the digital world, including Jack Ma (Alibaba, Chinese Amazon), Ken Hu (Huawei), Dara Khosroshahi (Uber), Jimmy Wales (Wikipedia) and Eric Leandri (Qwant).

Mark Zuckerberg, the boss of Facebook, will not be, having preceded a few days at the Elysee, where he was received Friday by the head of state to discuss ways to fight against hate content.

Against many Silicon Valley bosses, Mark Zuckerberg calls for government intervention in the regulation of major internet platforms.

These discussions come as France is working on a law that would require social networks to remove the contents reported within 24 hours, under penalty of a large fine. Paris wants to promote such regulation at European level.

Emmanuel Macron shows the will "to make France the country that invents the regulation" of the new economy, to "reconcile technology and the common good".

It is with this in mind that the Secretary of State for Digital Cédric O, Wednesday gathered his G7 colleagues to floor on a draft charter on hate content on the internet. France would like to see it succeed by the summit of the seven most industrialized countries (France, Canada, Germany, United States, Italy, Japan, United Kingdom) in August in Biarritz.

These appointments preceded VivaTech, the big start-up show that opens Thursday at the Porte de Versailles, where more than 100,000 visitors are expected. Emmanuel Macron will visit the show in the morning and will be interviewed by tech entrepreneurs.

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