WASHINGTON – For two and a half years, President Trump said he is finally doing in Asia what he asserts his predecessor, Barack Obama, failed to strategic mitigation: strengthening American influence and rally partners to push back against China.
But as violence progresses and old varieties resume across Asia, Washington chose a lack of action, and governments are ignoring the light administration of the Trump and trying to calm. Whether it is the internal battles in India and Hong Kong or the rivalry between two American allies, Japan and South Korea, Mr Trump and his advisers are staying on the side.
The inability or the willingness of Washington to help these flash points is defuse than one of the clearest yet signs of the power of American power and the global impact about Mr.
“Without the constant centripetal force of American diplomacy, Asia has a disorder in all sorts of dangerous directions,” said William J. Burns, deputy state secretary in the Obama administration and president of Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. “The net result is not only the increased risk of regional turbulence, but also long-term corrosion of American influence.” T
Every American government has limited ability to conduct events abroad. Foreign governments often ignore requests from the United States. And China's emergence as a powerful power and Russia as an anti-Western force means that factors outside the administration of Trump are contributing to American power weakening.
But the critics say that Mr Trump's policies – which focused more on cutting American costs abroad or building partnerships – have caused this erosion and encouraged governments to ignore people in Washington.
Troops of India are applying for protests in the controversial Kashmir region after New Delhi ended the autonomous status of the territory, despite Mr Trump offering last month for India and Pakistan to the dispute of decades. to solve.
South Korea announced on Monday that Japan was falling from a list of the best trading partners, putting up a conflict that would jeopardize Washington's most important alliances in Asia. Mr Trump's main foreign policy officials advised the two nations to resolve their differences, without recourse.
And Chinese officials said this week that Hong Kong protesters were starting to show the first signs of “terrorism” – an indication that the Communist Party in Beijing could take more stringent measures to end the unrest even after Hong Kong police friction gas by crowds during the 10th weekend protests.
The Chinese news organizations are linking the Trump administration to the protests and labeling of American diplomats, Julie Eadeh, who met student leaders, “black hand.”
Three Tuesday saw the Chinese move troops to the border with Hong Kong, Mr Trump did not issue any warnings other than: “Everyone should be calm and safe!”
“The inability to manage real weakness issues in the actual commitment reflects the president's strategy or any diplomatic engagement in Asia,” said Michael J. Green, senior director in Asia for the National Security Council under President George W. Bush.
Mr Green, now professor at Georgetown University, said that while the Trump administration in Asia had been carrying out some useful strategies or activities, “it is extremely effective that the administration of this issue is from Japan- Korea and how quiet on Kashmir. ”
While Mr Trump took a practical approach since taking office, a number of officials, including Matthew Pottinger, Asia's senior director on the National Security Council, worked to devise a major picture strategy for Asia. , aiming to compete with China.
They pledged to spend money on regional programs as part of Indo-Pacific's “open and open” strategy, which increased rate The freedom of shipping operations in the South China Sea and initiated a campaign to try the nation's use of communications technology from Huawei, the Chinese company.
But the critics say that Mr Trump makes the American position weakened by ongoing self-sabotage actions, including the abandonment of the Cross-Pacific Partnership, a 12 nation trade agreement created by Mr Obama to create a unified front against of China.
Mr Trump also praises the authoritative leaders of East Asia – he said that he and Kim Jong-one of North Korea were "in love," and that they are always friends and Xi Jinping of China. ”
To date, he and his chief officers have failed to put any strong signals on Hong Kong's pro-democracy protests. On August 1, Mr Trump hired the language of using Communist Party officials when he said there were "riots for a long time at Hong Kong."
“Someone said they would want to stop that,” he said. "But that is between Hong Kong and that between China, as Hong Kong is part of China."
Analysts said that Chinese officials would reflect these views as green light to take whatever action was necessary to discourage the objections.
Mr Trump said in June that the US and China were “strategic partners,” and that the administration had withheld certain actions that would affect Beijing – in particular, imposing sanctions on Chinese officials for mass detention. of Muslims and allowing the F-16 fighter jets sales to Taiwan.
Mr Trump's main goal with China is to reach a trade agreement the expensive tariff war, although the dispute has increased by both sides after the failed talks, leading to turmoil in the stock market.
In addition, Mr. Trump stood back during the intensity of sight between South Korea and Japan. On Friday, Mr Trump said, “South Korea and Japan must sit down and be together.” T
Administrative officials say that they do not want to be an intermediary in the dispute, although American security interests in the region may suffer – particularly if Seoul and Tokyo complete an information-sharing agreement supported by Washington which aims to t He helped North Korean restraint. In late July, John R. Bolton, the national security adviser, asked both sides to ask them to freeze their hostilities, and Mr Pompeo made the same request to their foreign ministers at a summit. in Bangkok.
South Korean and Japanese officials are ignoring the Americans. On Monday, Seoul said, not only was he completing a preferential trade partnership with Tokyo, but he was nominating Japan as the first nation on a new list of countries that were considered to have poor export practices. Japan announced earlier this month that South Korea was no longer a trading partner.
“By failing to act and accept leadership in the region, Trump is allowing nations with a long and complex history to return to traditional competitions,” said Jean H. Lee, an expert in Korea at the Wilson Center.
“The more these nations feel the United States is unreliable partner,” she said, “the more they feel they are forced to defend themselves. I'm already starting to listen to growing calls in South Korea for their own nuclear weapons. ”
In India, Prime Minister Narendra Modi has made progress with the apparent plan of Hindu nationalist politicians to control Kashmir, a Muslim majority region.
Some Indian analysts say that Mr Modi may have tightened the move because of Mr Trump made statements after his meetings last month with Prime Minister Imran Khan in Pakistan. Mr Trump said Mr Modi had asked Mr Trump earlier if he could mediate Kashmir's dispute. “If I can help, I'd love to be an intermediary,” Mr Trump said.
It is a job that Pakistan welcomes before, and India opposes outside participation. The Indian Ministry of Foreign Affairs denied that Mr Modi had any conversation with Mr Trump. Then, on 5 August, the Indian government revoked the special status of Kashmir and began to top the Kashmiri politicians – a complete refusal of Mr Trump's mediation offer.
“The US should do more,” said Asad Majeed Khan, the US ambassador to Pakistan, in a Monday interview. “The United States is probably the only country that could make a difference.” T
John J. Sullivan, deputy state secretary, is traveling to India this week for planned meetings before the Kashmir crisis begins. It is not clear what he will say. Mr Burns, his predecessor, said, “There seems to be no American concern on India's Modi due to the increased potential.”