Social restrictions and health protocols make some people uncomfortable.
REPUBLIKA.CO.ID, JAKARTA — Health does not only include physical problems, mental problems must also be taken care of because this can affect a person’s productivity. Mental health problems are also common during the Covid-19 pandemic.
Social restrictions and strict health protocols make some people uncomfortable and depressed. As a result, mental health problems also appear ranging from anxiety, irritability, feeling unhappy and others.
Quoting the official broadcast of Good Doctor Technology Indonesia (GDTI) on Monday (4/10), psychologist Inez Kristanti explained about the status of mental health in Indonesia during the Covid-19 pandemic. A study from Iskandarsyah, A. (2020, April 29) with 3,686 respondents from 33 provinces in Indonesia showed that 72 percent of participants reported experiencing anxiety and 23 percent of participants reported feeling unhappy.
Inez explained that the symptoms of anxiety include worry that something bad will happen, excessive worry, irritability and irritation, and difficulty feeling relaxed. “Meanwhile, the reported symptoms of depression include sleep problems, lack of confidence, fatigue, and loss of interest,” said Inez.
It’s not just social distancing that causes mental health problems. Survivors of Covid-19 also feel this mental disorder, especially those who experience long Covid.
Internal medicine specialist Dr. Jeffri Aloys Gunawan from GDTI said Covid-19 is a disease that has long-term effects. There is literature that says that a year after exposure to Covid-19, almost 50 percent of them still feel at least one symptom.
Symptoms experienced by Covid-19 survivors after 12 months or more vary from shortness of breath, anxiety, depression, fatigue, and tiredness. For example, low-intensity exercise that is done only briefly makes you feel tired.
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While 70 percent of those who have recovered from Covid-19 for 6 months are said to still feel some symptoms. “Long Covid-19 is if after four weeks from starting to feel symptoms of Covid-19 until it is declared negative, residual symptoms still arise. These symptoms can include shortness of breath, joint pain, muscle aches, coughing, diarrhea, loss of smell and taste,” said Jeffri.
Jeffri further explained that the corona virus can also cause cognitive aspects consisting of reasoning and analysis to decrease. This will greatly impact one’s productivity.
“Disturbed cognitive will affect the quality of a nation’s human resources, which in the end will affect the outcome or gross domestic product (GDP) of a country. The performance of this country against other countries will be increasingly lagging behind,” said Jeffri.
A study published in The Lancet in April 2021, found that one-third of Covid-19 patients had been diagnosed with neurological or psychological symptoms, including anxiety, depression, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and psychosis, within 6 months after they contracted Covid-19. .
“Most who come to us are those with psychosomatic disorders and anxiety,” Jeff said.
Meanwhile, Ratih Ibrahim, Clinical Psychologist, CEO & Founder of Personal Growth and Friends of the Serviam Vaccination Center who is also a Covid survivor admitted that fear, horror, paranoia, anxiety (PTSD) still exist even though they have been declared cured. “Mental health needs to be considered if someone experiences Long Covid-19, especially because they will feel frustrated because the symptoms of the disease are still felt even though they have been declared cured. On the way to recovering from Long Covid-19“Patients must understand that this is a process,” said Ratih.
Ratih also gave some tips to make mental health recover, especially for Covid-19 survivors. The first thing to do is regular breathing exercises.
Also apply good exercise or physical exercise, eat a nutritionally balanced diet, adopt good or healthy lifestyle habits and apply regular sleep habits such as sleeping 7-8 hours and not staying up late.
In addition, there are various relaxation techniques to help deal with stress, namely Shaking Therapy, Ikigai, Butterfly Hug, and Guided Imagery. If anxiety begins to take hold, try applying one of these relaxation techniques as first aid.
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A person with high levels of stress can experience burnout. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), the phenomenon of burnout is a syndrome due to chronic stress that has not been successfully managed by every individual. Burnout reduces productivity and drains energy, making a person feel helpless, hopeless, weak, and quick to anger. If someone experiences this for a long time, it will have an impact on social life, especially work, vulnerable to upper respiratory tract disease.
Therefore, it is very necessary to immediately consult an expert if you feel you need help. Consultation will help find the root cause of stress and get the right therapy.
Consulting a doctor or psychologist is now easy to do, especially since the presence of telemedicine services. One of platform The telemedicine that provides consulting services with psychologists is Good Doctor, so that patients do not need to leave the house and are again at risk of contracting the virus or feeling embarrassed because they seek treatment from a psychologist.