GridHEALTH.id – The World Health Organization (WHO) is investigating cases of hepatitis in children in America and Europe.
Quote from the page WHO.intIn early April, there were about 74 cases of mysterious hepatitis in children.
In a statement, WHO said that the cause of the hepatitis outbreak in children in the UK was not due to the hepatitis A, B, C, D, and E viruses.
But it is different from America, because the average case of hepatitis is caused by hepatitis A, hepatitis B and hepatitis C viruses.
WHO first identified 10 cases of hepatitis in children in Scotland on 5 April. Subsequently, further investigations were conducted in the UK and managed to identify 74 cases, as of 8 April.
On average, children who reported having hepatitis were between 11 months and 5 years old and were already in good health.
Six children in the UK were reported to have hepatitis so severe that they had to undergo a liver transplant. Fortunately, to date no deaths have been reported.
Launch Scientist NewsThe outbreak of hepatitis in these children is thought to be a delayed reaction to a rare Covid-19 infection.
However, it is also possible that this was a side effect of a different infection spreading after restrictions related to the pandemic were lifted.
Read also: Treatment of hepatitis, Infectious diseases that cause inflamed liver
“There may be a group of children who will not be exposed to all the viruses they are usually exposed to early in life,” said Graham Cooke, an infectious disease specialist at Imperial College London.
“With the relief of the restrictions, many other viruses are circulating that previously could not circulate,” he continued.
Meanwhile in the United States, the Alabama Department of Public Health has identified nine children ages 1 to 6 who are positive for hepatitis.
All of them were also exposed to adenovirus despite no previous history of other diseases and two of them needed liver transplants.
“These children have been referred to health services in various areas of Alabama with symptoms of gastrointestinal disease and varying degrees of liver injury including liver failure. Subsequent analyzes have revealed a possible association of this hepatitis with Adenovirus 41,” says the Institute as cited in CNNSaturday (16/04/2022).
Adenovirus is the most common virus that causes diseases such as colds and can trigger conjunctivitis and diarrhea.
The virus is very rarely involved in cases of hepatitis in people with weakened immune systems.
“Although the potential role of adenovirus and / or SARS-CoV-2 in the pathogen in such cases is a hypothesis, other infectious and non-infectious factors need to be fully investigated to properly assess and manage risk,” WHO said.
In the UK only one patient has confirmed contact with someone with hepatitis.
Also read: Beware of the spread of infectious hepatitis, if you experience these symptoms immediately consult a doctor.
To date, no other epidemiological risk factors have been identified, including travel abroad, for hepatitis in Europe or the United States.
A spokesman for the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), which is also studying the case in Alabama, said it was working with experts in Europe to investigate the mysterious situation.
WHO warns that there is a possibility that more cases of childhood hepatitis will appear, before finding answers and appropriate control and prevention measures have been taken.
“Member States are required to identify, investigate and report potential cases that fit the case definition,” they said.
“WHO does not recommend restrictions on travel and / or trade with the UK, or any other country where cases are identified, based on currently available information,” the global health agency added.
The UK Health Safety Agency (UKHSA) has asked health workers to be aware of this situation. Beware of children who show potential signs and symptoms of hepatitis, such as the following:
1. Changes in the color of urine in the stool dark or pale
3. Itchy skin
Read also: 7 types of hepatitis and their treatment, some heal on their own until they have to have a liver transplant.
4. Arthralgia or myalgia
6. Nausea, vomiting, or stomach pain
7. Lethargy and loss of appetite
Read also: 11 signs and symptoms of chronic hepatitis, go to the doctor!
Hepatitis is an inflammation of the liver. The liver is an important organ because it works to treat nutrients, filter blood, and fight infection.
If there is inflammation or damage to a person’s liver, of course these functions will be affected.
The types of hepatitis are very diverse, as well as their causes. Viral hepatitis is the most common cause for people with the disease.
These viruses can spread to contaminated food or water. But it can also be through the blood or fluids of an infected person.
Read also: There is a history of hepatitis, Jerinx vaccinated against Covid-19, this is how he feels after being injected
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