Narendra Modi, a Hindu nationalist in a secular state


The letter of introduction of Narendra Modi (Vadnagar, Bombay, 1950) in the Indian elections of 2014 was characterized, above all, by one feature: economic excellence. Former chief minister of the Guyarat region, in the west of the country, for thirteen years, Modi had managed to turn the region into a prosperous business environment, with a robust network of roads and without the eternal nuisance of power cuts, between other credentials that endorsed his career.

It was not surprising, therefore, that his party, the Hindu nationalist BJP (Bharatiya Janata, Indian Popular Party, in Spanish), chose him as a candidate to run for office. It was the advantage of the class, a reference around which radiated an aura of exemplary management. Such was his popularity that he managed to reap the best results of a poll in India since 1984, reaching a large majority of 282 seats in a Parliament (Lok Sabha) of 545.

Five years later, Modi has managed to revalidate the position with a more comfortable figure even. Although its aura no longer shines with the same brilliance, the Indians have returned to place their trust after a dubious management. Neither youth unemployment close to 17 percent, nor the economic slowdown nor the growing authoritarianism have been an obstacle for the Indians have given a touch of attention. On the contrary, they have granted him almost 20 seats more than five years ago, according to the first counts
. A result that could have been worse had not the skirmishes of February occurred, when a Pakistani militia attacked a police installation in the fragmented region of Kashmir and Modi, in response, launched an attack on the alleged terrorist camp. The offensive came as a divine gift to the prime minister, who played the infallible defense letter of India from his staunch enemy, Pakistan, to regain political space.

Lights and shadows
Certainly, the legacy of Modi in these five years has not been free of controversy. On the back of a rampant Hindu nationalism, the politician has used his good results to accumulate power at a level with hardly any precedent in the democratic history of the Asian country. The leader has tightened the siege on the judiciary, replaced a state planning commission with a "think tank" of his own, and launched a "witch hunt" against NGOs and civil society organizations.

Although among its achievements is the streamlining of an exasperating bureaucracy – an evil that had already markedly diminished during his time in Guyarat – the extension of health coverage to citizens or the increase of foreign investment to a country that grows to a At an annual rate of 7 percent, the overall balance points to a greater abundance of shadows than of lights during his term.

Precisely, in order to encourage investment, Modi has decimated the budget dedicated to environmental policies or has lifted the restrictions to allow the companies themselves to inform the Government of the pollution issued. At the macroeconomic level, a galloping debt of more than one trillion euros in 2018 was an increase of 51.98 percent over the figure of four years ago. And although it has made progress in containing extreme poverty, the second most populous country in the world – 1.3 billion – still struggles with a significantly low per capita income. Fronts that Modi, supported by a society composed of 80 percent Hindus in a state that is openly secular, will have to stand up during his second term, until 2024. (tagsToTranslate) profile (t) modi


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