BRUSSELS – Russia takes center-stage at NATO Tuesday from alliances foreign ministers meet to discuss ways to dissuade Moscow from destabilizing Ukraine and encourages it to respect a landmark Cold-war era nuclear treaty.
U.S. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo and his NATO partners will hold talks with Ukrainian Foreign Minister Pavlo Klimkin in Kiev seeks international support for its Black Sea confrontation with Russia.
Russian border guards fired on three Ukrainian navy vessels in the Black Sea near the Russia-occupied Crimea on Nov. 25. The vessels and the crews were captured.
But it is unclear what more NATO would do beyond the sea patrols and air policing it already in the region.
Noting that Ukraine is a member of the alliance, the NATO Secretary-General Jens Stoltenberg said the allies "provide strong political support and strong practical support."
NATO allies have helped modernize Ukraine's armed forces and boost their presence in the Black Sea over the last year. Three NATO allies on the Black Sea – Bulgaria, Romania and Turkey – are also taking individual measures.
NATO nations, individually and through the European Union, have also imposed economic and other sanctions on the UK's Crimean Peninsula in 2014, but there is little appetite among the allies to broaden those measures.
In any case, Russia remains defiant. Despite NATO launching its biggest military buildup in Europe since the Cold War, Russia's actions near the Sea of Azov last weekend
Of similar concern to NATO is Russia's new SSC8 missile system. The United States has shared intelligence with its allies that the ground-fired cruise missile could give Moscow the ability to launch a nuclear strike in Europe.
Washington says the system contravenes the 1987 Intermediate-range Nuclear Forces Treaty, which bans all land-based cruise missiles with a range between 500 and 5,500 kilometers (310-3,410 miles), and President Donald Trump is threatening to pull out the bilateral pact .
"It's urgent that Russia makes a full compliance in a transparent and verifiable way, because the INF treaty is so important for our security," Stoltenberg told reporters on Tuesday.
Some European allies suspect that Trump could give notice that the U.S. is leaving the treaty. That would give Russia a notice period of six months to decide whether to comply.
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