New Study Reveals Machu Picchu Was Built Decades Earlier All


KOMPAS.com – Machu Picchu is one of the most famous archaeological sites in the world which is located on a mountaintop in Southern Peru. A new study reveals that this ancient site was built decades earlier.

So far, historical records written by the Spaniards in the period after the conquest of Machu Picchu say the ancient site was said to have been built between 1440 and 1450.

But in a new study, researchers reveal that Machu Picchu was built and inhabited decades earlier than previously believed.

The results were revealed based on new radiocarbon dating of human remains found at archaeological sites.

“Machu Picchu is the most famous archaeological site in the world, but estimates and duration of occupation are based on contradictory historical records written by the Spanish,” said Richard Burger, an archaeologist and anthropologist at Yale University in Connecticut.

Also read: Researchers Find Why Machu Picchu was Built in Extreme Locations

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A new study on when the ancient site of Machu Picchu was built has been published Tuesday (3/8/2021) in the journal Antiquity.

Quotes Live Science, Wednesday (4/8/2021) Machu Picchu is built at an altitude of almost 2,430 meters on the ridge of the Eastern Cordillera mountains of Peru.

The ancient site was abandoned in the 1530s after the Spanish invasion and later became popular and became known as the ‘Lost City of the Incas’.

Hiram Bingham of Yale University led expeditions to the site in 1911 and 1912, and the site became world famous in the following decades as an icon of the Inca civilization.

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The new study explains that at the time archaeologists thought Machu Picchu was built as an estate for the emperor Pachacuti, a hereditary ruler born in Cuzco, the Inca capital of what is now southeastern Peru.

Also read: 8 Months Lockdown, Machu Picchu Site Opened with Ancient Rituals

SHUTTERSTOCK / David Ionut Tourist attractions in Peru – Machu Picchu.

According to Spanish documents, Machu Picchu was then built around 1438, after Pachacuti rose to power and began to expand the empire into nearby territories.

But in the new study, Burger and his colleagues are tracing the traces of Machu Picchu’s civilization again.

He examined the remains of 26 people believed to be servants. The skeleton was found during Bingham’s expedition in three graves at Machu Picchu.

“Modern radiocarbon methods provide a better basis for understanding Inca chronology than contradictory historical records,” says Burger.

Also read: 8 Months Lockdown, Machu Picchu Site Opened with Ancient Rituals

The latest analysis later revealed that Machu Picchu was inhabited from at least 1420 to 1530 or decades earlier than previously thought.

Meanwhile Dennis Ogburn, an anthropologist and archaeologist at the University of North Carolina at Charlotte, who was not involved in the research, said the decades apart would have implications for understanding Inca history.

“The Incan chronology shows not only how quickly their empire developed but also how long it took them to consolidate control over the provinces they conquered,” he said.

Read also: New Evidence, Incas Sacrifice Ilama for the Offerings of the Gods

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