Moscow: Michael Gorbachev, who played a key role in the collapse of the Soviet Union, is 90 years old. He was the last president of the Soviet Union. His birthday was March 2. His birthday was celebrated by his followers through Zoom by Kovid. Many world leaders, including US President Joe Biden, Russian President Vlad Mir Putin and German Chancellor Angela Merkel, wished Gorbachev a happy birthday.
Gorbachev, who implemented arms control and democratic reforms, was at the forefront of ending the Cold War. During his reign, the Soviet Union became an independent nation in 1991. His reforms, Glasnost and Peristroika, led the Soviet Union to progress. He completely overhauled the political system of the Soviet Union. The decentralization of the economy was also implemented. However, all these reforms led to the collapse of the Soviet Union. However, he was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1990 for ending the Soviet dictatorship in Eastern Europe and other similar movements. He first became a member of the Central Committee of the Soviet Communist Party in 1971. In 1979 he joined the Politburo. In 1985, he became President.