Pregnant? Stop drinking alcohol and cigarettes, every pregnant woman knows this or should she. Generally, pregnant women are considered to be solely responsible for the health of the offspring; at best, those still smoking in the presence of pregnant women are counted.
A science team from the University of London has now tapped studies and studies in different social classes from different countries to determine what role the diet of parents on the pregnancy or for the health of the offspring plays and what late effects it has.
The researchers have the journal “The Lancet” according to their focus on pregnancies refocused: Accordingly, an optimal pregnancy preparation long before the actual fertilization begins – at best, even in adolescence, if no one thinks of the children’s wars.
Pregnancy preparation in youth
After evaluation of various studies and numbers u.a. from England, Malawi, China and Australia, the researchers call for Judith Stephenson, Health Professor at University College London (UCL), a rethinking in society: So far, the standard is that the lifestyle of women responsible for the well-being and woe of the child in the stomach and its health after birth. The fathers have been exempt from any responsibility so far.
However, analysis of the studies suggests that in obese men who want to become fathers, not only does sperm quality decrease, but also increases the risk to their children of developing chronic diseases. The number of overweight fathers has therefore increased globally seen between 1975 and 2014 from 3 percent to 14 percent. The same goes for women. Between 1975 and 2014, the number of overweight pregnant women has increased globally to 50 percent. However, other health consequences have been linked to maternal overweight – birth defects, gestational diabetes, birth defects or intractable breastfeeding problems.
The apple does not fall far from the trunk: eating habits
The foundation for a child’s health is not first laid in the womb, but much earlier: in adolescence. This is the conclusion of the London science team and calls for a rethinking of society: Whether a pregnancy without complications, a child develops an increased risk of certain diseases – for men and women lay as early as adolescent age, the foundation, even if they are far from bringing children think. But short-term dietary changes with lots of fruits, vegetables, nuts and fish do not affect the child’s long-term health – long accustomed wrong eating habits of obese adults and their health problems are passed on from generation to generation.
In addition to the long-term diet, however, habits in pregnancy play a role for the expectant child. For all those who wonder why their children develop very special tastes for trick or treating, our WDR colleagues have delivered the explanation in this little Facebook video.