Omar Khayyam, scientist who achieved the most precise calendar in the world


Omar Khayyam He was born in Nishapur, then the Seljuq capital of Khorasan, present-day Iran, on May 18, 1048 and died on December 4, 1131, of the Christian era. He was a man with a unique spirit and a mind advances for his time that enjoyed the pleasures of life and human knowledge.

The texts place him as libertine, sybarite, acid, mystic and prophet. He also studied mathematics and astronomy; reformed the Muslim calendar, cultivated law and the natural sciences; but his great passion was to discover the mysteries of the universe, human passions and existence itself.

Hence his ability to venture into various sciences and artistic aspects, where he was an accomplished writer for his time and a reference of the East with the serie of poems called Rubaiyat, the most remarkable poetic work of Omar Khayyam, which is a compilation of up to a thousand quartets that speak about nature and the human being; where he relates the delights of love and the joys of life, that with the transpositions of bitterness and optimism, make up the character of the individual accentuated in his reality.

Even in the West his literary work has been well recognized and one of those poems was adapted by the flamenco singer Camarón de la Isla in one of the songs ('Caballo viejo') of his album "The legend of time", considered the best in the history of pop in Spain.

Your perfect calendar

One of the great transformations made by Omar Khayyam and perhaps the most surprising, was with respect to Zoroastrian calendar, that the Persians had conserved after the Islamization of Persia due to its accuracy, but the investigations realized in the matter of the time and the astronomical tables, allowed him to correct an error in the measurement of the days.

With surprising precision, for the new calendar that was called yalalí by order of Malik Shah I (who was also called Yalaledín), Jayam calculated the duration of the year with astonishing accuracy and with a margin of error of one day in 3770 years, even less than that of the Gregorian calendar which is one day in 3330 years, which began to be used in Europe from October 15, 1582. In this way, theyalalí alendar It was implemented on March 15, 1079 and is the calendar currently used in Iran and Afghanistan.

Your scientific studies

As a man of science and a scholar of all manifestations of human knowledge, within its scientific work of which it has registry, they emphasize the titles the "Dissertation on a possible demonstration of the parallel postulate & rdquor ;, of the geometry of Euclides; & NegativeMediumSpace; the "Thesis on demonstrations of algebra and comparison & NegativeMediumSpace; & rdquor; written in Arabic (translated by Woepecke in 1851); "Treaty on the accuracy of the Indian system for calculating roots of equations & rdquor ;, referred to second and third degree equations.

Also "The problems in arithmetic and calculation & rdquor ;; "Description of the astronomical tables of Malek Shah & rdquor;, the essay" Light of reason, on science in general & rdquor ;; and the "Dissertation on natural sciences & rdquor ;. There are also about eight more jobs, Fímusic, economics, history, philosophy, metaphysics and traditions.

Mathematical advances

As for the advanced mathematics studies, developed the first solution procedure of the quadratic and cubic equations from the conic sections, which allows to find a positive root and likewise was able to demonstrate that they have at least one second root.

He was also the first to describe the development of the power of a binomial with natural exponent, and in establishing the idea that the fractions could constitute a numerical field with properties wider than the field of the natural numbers, only known then, that dated from the Greeks.

These discoveries and mathematical theoretical concepts were so important that they became the basis of scientific study during the European Renaissance and for that reason his contributions to mathematics were incalculable, since that knowledge was not understood in all its transcendence until many centuries later.

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