Since 1944, the Golden Globes have awarded the Best Director Award to one woman: Barbra Streisand.
"It was in 1984. It was 34 years ago," said Streisand. said in January on stage at the 75th ceremony. "People, time is up! We need more women leaders and more women to be appointed to the best director. There are so many good films made by women. "
Few women have been rewarded since Streisand's "Yentl" victory: Jane Campion in 1994 ("The Piano"), Sofia Coppola in 2004 ("Lost in Translation"), Kathryn Bigelow in 2010 and 2013 ("The Hurt Locker And "Zero Dark Thirty") and Ava DuVernay in 2015 ("Selma") – and this year's nominations do the same. Bradley Cooper ("A star is born") and surprise candidate Peter Farrelly ("Green Book") joined Alfonso Cuarón ("Roma"), Spike Lee ("BlacKkKlansman") and Adam McKay ("Vice") for the Cup .
This is the fourth consecutive year that men fill the five vacancies, which Natalie Portman has attracted attention at this year's ceremony, while presenting the "all-male nominees". This is a problem that affects the entire sector – only 4.3% of directors The most profitable films broadcast between 2007 and 2017 were women, according to a report published this year by Annenberg's Inclusion Initiative. University of Southern California.
"It's the way we support the content created by women from the beginning to the awards season – and we're not there yet," said Melissa Silverstein, founder of the Women and Hollywood initiative. "What has happened in the last 12 months is that people can no longer hide from it. You will be called every turn. "
And it's not only women who are the noisiest, she continued. They are also men of the industry, critics of all kinds and even distributors. Women have been behind some of the best movies of 2018 and yet, filmmakers (eg Marielle Heller of "Can you ever forgive me?") Have often been forgotten while the stars of their films ( for example, the best dramatic actress and the best candidates under the secondary actor Melissa McCarthy and Richard E. Grant) are recognized.
In addition to Heller, among the women whose 2018 films have been well received are:
- Debra Granik of "Leave No Trace", who appears several times on the list of nominees of the upcoming Film Independent Spirit Awards.
- Karyn Kusama of "Destroyer", for which the star Nicole Kidman received a nod from the Golden Globe.
- Lynne Ramsay of "You were never really here", whose screenplay was won at the Cannes Film Festival alongside star Joaquin Phoenix.
- Josie Rourke of "Mary Queen of Scots", yet to be released in theaters.
- Chloé Zhao of "The Rider", who won the Best Feature Award at the Gotham Awards.
- Desiree Akhavan of The Miseducation of Cameron Post, who won the grand jury prize at Sundance.
- Tamara Jenkins of "Private Life", who has won three Spirit Award nominations.
At the Toronto International Film Festival in September, Kusama told Variety that in the year since the #MeToo and Time's Up movements started, things have changed and remained unchanged.
"I think we are in a kind of primordial struggle to make our voices heard and to feel the relevance we have in our personal, professional and creative lives is very real," she said. "But I think we still have a lot of work to do."
Silverstein hopes that a visible change will occur with the Hollywood Foreign Press Association, which organizes the Golden Globes, as well as the film's Academy, which has nominated five women directors for an Oscar since 1927 and has not yet been nominated. awarded only one of them, Bigelow, in 2009 – is diversifying into gender and race. But until then, she concluded that the best immediate response to this persistent trend of exclusively male nominees would be. . . an expletive chain.
"But that's not going well in the newspaper," she said.
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