Binita PriyambadaOctober 21, 2019 13:39:37 IST
Osteoporosis is a low bone mass and a slow deterioration of bone tissue. The result is that bone vulnerability is better and therefore increases human susceptibility to fractures. Although the exact numbers are not known, based on available data and clinical experience, it is considered that over 200 million people experience osteoporosis worldwide.
In India, it is estimated that about 50 million people are osteoporotic with less than T-score 2.5 or a low bone mass with T-Score between 1 to 2.5. Osteoporosis is one of the major health problems facing the population of India and therefore needs immediate attention from the medical and public health community.
Below is everything you need to find out about osteoporosis and treatment.
Osteoporosis trends in India
According to the studies conducted in women in India across the country, it is estimated, among the 230 million Indian people that they are expected to be over 50 years of age, Women with osteoporosis are 46 million.
However, compared to women, low T scores in men indicate a higher vulnerability to osteoporosis. There have also been very few studies in India and there is a risk of osteoporosis in men.
In a country like India, most of the osteoporotic cases go without treatment and even without being diagnosed. Therefore, it is essential that post-menopausal men and women have adequate measures to prevent osteoporosis in later years.
Worldwide, one in three out of every 50 years of age, as well as one in five, is expected to experience osteoporotic fractures. However, in fractures due to osteoporosis men add 40 percent.
It is estimated that break one osteoporosis occurs every three seconds.
What causes osteoporosis?
The development of bone mass during the growing years is an important determinant of later osteoporosis in life. The mass development of bone depends on the accurate intake of calcium, the correct exposure to sunlight, and low performance in India resulting in a number of additional osteoporosis cases. Osteoporosis affects both men and women, but the reasons for progress may be different, read more about how: –
Osteoporosis in women
According to a recent study, Indian women are more susceptible to developing this condition compared to men and some reasons could be attributed to the reasons. Women with a smaller bodily frame spend a lower proportion of calcium rich foods and usually have little exposure to sunlight. Moreover, menopause accelerates bone loss due to the deterioration of estrogen levels.
Indian women usually get a little early menopause than other Caucasian women, the the risk of developing osteoporosis increases significantly in them.
Osteoporosis in mEn
As men age, bone loss has increased, combined with low low bone mass due to malnutrition and other factors that develop osteoporosis.
Some of the conditions that may increase the tendency of men to develop the condition include hyperactivity, adrenal gland disorders, and pituitary surveillance disorders. Some of the other factors responsible for the onset of osteoporosis include genetic predisposition, low body mass mass, heavy smoking and drinking, long cortacostal treatment etc. t
Can it be prevented?
People over 50 years of age are advised to discuss their doctor with osteoporosis screening. However, lifestyle factors such as lack of exercise and improper diet can negatively affect bone development and the rate of bone loss later in life.
In order to ensure perfect bone health a diet must be eaten rich in calcium and Vitamin D from childhood. Calcium is needed for bone formation but requires Vitamin D to regulate absorption. In order to keep the bones healthy, there is a need for at least 15 minutes of direct exposure to sunlight every day. Sunlight helps to form vitamin D and so is a prerequisite for healthy bones.
Treatment for osteoporosis
Yes, the symptoms of osteoporosis can be managed with the right type of treatment. Patients with the condition are usually asked to avoid activities that could lead to bone fracture. In order to reduce bone loss, different medicines can be ordered for patients.
The author is a Senior Advisor of the medical team at Docprime.com
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