Laws on marijuana litigation do not seem to increase the use of teenage pot and instead can have the same effect, suggesting in a U study.
To find out how teen marijuana uses in states with and without such laws, researchers examined survey data on the use of substances collected from 1.4 million adolescents between 1993 and 2017. During that period, 27 states made Washington, DC. legitimacy of medical marijuana and seven lawful cannabis states for recreational purposes.
Marijuana's medical laws do not seem to have influenced whether a teenager used marijuana, authors of the study reported in JAMA Pediatrics.
However, recreational marijuana laws were associated with an 8% decline in the risk of teenagers reporting that they wanted to spend cannabis in the previous 30 days and that 9% of teenagers would use it frequently.
The reduced supply could explain why, the principal author Mark Anderson, associate professor of agricultural economics at Montana State University in Bozeman said.
“It may be more difficult for teenagers to get marijuana as licensed payers replace drug dealers who need proof of age from them,” Anderson said by email. “It goes to sell a minor to a more dangerous offer after the passing of these laws.” T
The study was not a controlled experiment designed to prove whether marijuana might change the use that young people would make of it. The law of the State which lawfully applies to recreational marketers usually focuses on adult use and does not permit sales to minors.
Other studies have linked to a range of cold and behavioral problems in adolescents. Some previous research also suggests that the effects of marijuana use may be more pronounced in adolescents as adolescence is a rapid brain development period.
Marijuana can legally make more parents to talk to the children about the risks of drug use, said Rebekah Levine Coley, professor of developmental and educational psychology at Boston College who was not involved in the study.
These laws may result in “increased parental supervision or discussion between parents and adolescents about the dangers of marijuana use due to the lawfulness and increases in political and news attention and availability. available, ”Coley said via email.
In order to have the intended effect of these conversations, parents must not only hear a lecture, said Dr. Ellen Rome, head of the Teenage Medicine Center at Cleveland Clinic Children in Ohio.
“Discuss frankly with your teenager, when you first ask what they believe about teenagers and use marijuana before and after lawful,” said Rome, who was not involved in the study, by email. “Then share your own beliefs, and encourage discussion – and ask what they believe will prevent youth from making illegal use.”
SOURCE: bit.ly/2Xzm3UN JAMA Pediatrics, online July 8, 2019.
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