Nothing has to do with the 1983 university, the year in which the first regulation that regulated it in Democracy (the Organic Law of University Reform, LRU) came into force, with that of today, which faces a multitude of challenges to cause of the technological revolution that we live and globalization. They are very different scenarios. Then the law wanted to modernize and democratize the university. The LRU granted more autonomy to this institution in front of the administrations, put order in the teaching staff, regulated its teaching and research function, gave way to the private university … In 1983, there were 30 public universities with a little more than 700,000 students. Today we have 48 public and 33 private universities distributed throughout the geography, where they study just over a million and a half students. The university now has a new mission to lead a profound transformation in society.
Since that first law, this institution has lived through other reforms and contexts that have been transforming it little by little, and that on many occasions have ended with protests and demonstrations by teachers and students in the streets. During the eighties and nineties, the socialist governments extended the universities throughout the country, according to the framework of the Statute of Autonomy, something often criticized because it has not helped to promote the mobility of teachers and students. In 1986 the Law of Science was approved, in 1994 the Conference of Rectors of the Spanish Universities (CRUE) was established …
At the end of the nineties, the Bologna Plan arrived that gave way to the establishment in 2010 of a European Higher Education Area (EHEA) to facilitate the employability and mobility of personnel, students and graduates. From that moment, higher studies in the European Union were homogenized, which were divided into two cycles: degrees and postgraduate studies. In addition to the master class, it favored the introduction of more participatory and practical lessons; the attendance of the student to the classes would have more weight in the note … With the Government of José María Aznar, came the first legislative university reform since 1983. The Organic Law of Universities (LOU) of 2001 repealed the LRU, but it lasted little , because later José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero would reform that norm with another one in 2007.
A model of success
Since then little else has been done. Before the general elections of April 28 of this year, the Government of Pedro Sanchez had already taken the road to undertake some changes in the university by organizing three working groups: "One to design a new model of the teaching career and create a new Statute of the Teaching and Researcher Professor; another table on the architectures of the teachings; and a third to boost the internationalization of Spanish universities ", says José Manuel Pingarrón, general secretary of Universities. Now, if Pedro Sánchez is invested as president and four years ahead of the legislature, the objective has changed. The advances made so far will continue, but we will also work on a law that will carry out a profound reform in the university. "The future law would encompass other things. So far we have not talked about governance systems, financing … The law will be a more global umbrella, "adds Pingarrón. (tagsToTranslate) university (t) laws