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Scorching Hot Weather, Beware of Signs of Dehydration – Metrojambi.com


JAKARTA – The last few days the weather and the hot sun have been stinging the skin and making you thirsty all day, which then causes dehydration which if not treated immediately can lead to other health problems.

Dehydration is a condition in which the body loses more fluids than it takes in, so the balance of sugar and salt is disturbed. As a result, the body cannot function normally.

Citing Verywellhealth, dehydration is 100 percent preventable and even mild to moderate dehydration can be treated by drinking more fluids such as mineral water or sports drinks.

Symptoms of dehydration

Dehydration does not only attack adults, small children and infants can also be affected. Before knowing the various ways to prevent dehydration, it’s good to know first some of the symptoms.

In infants and young children, the symptoms that can be found are dry mouth and tongue, no tears when crying, not wet diapers for three hours, sunken eyes and cheeks, sunken soft spots on the head, lethargy and irritability.

Whereas in adults, dry lips and tongue, dry mouth, headache, extreme fatigue, dizziness, nausea and urine color is darker than usual.

The above characteristics are mild symptoms of dehydration. Meanwhile, severe or severe symptoms may include severe/moderate diarrhea for 24 hours or more, bloody or black stools or stools, confusion, irritability, very tiredness, little or no urination, very dry mouth, skin and mucous membranes, fast heart rate and sunken eyes.

If the symptoms of dehydration have led to severe, it is better to immediately consult a doctor. Because if the treatment is late, dehydration can cause death.

Causes of dehydration

The body regularly loses water through sweat and urination. If the water is not replaced, you will become dehydrated. Any situation or condition that causes the body to lose more water than normal causes dehydration.

Excreting too much body fluids such as sweat can cause dehydration. Illnesses that cause persistent vomiting or diarrhea can also lead to dehydration.

This is because vomiting and diarrhea can cause too much water to be expelled from your body. Important electrolytes are also lost through this process.

Electrolytes are minerals used by the body to control muscle, blood chemistry, and organ processes. These electrolytes are found in blood, urine, and other fluids in the body.

Vomiting or diarrhea can impair this function and lead to severe complications, such as stroke and coma.

Urination is the body’s normal way of getting rid of toxins. Several conditions can cause a chemical imbalance, which can increase your urine production.

If you don’t replace fluids lost through excessive urination, you run the risk of becoming dehydrated.

Overcoming dehydration

According to Healthline, the best way to treat and prevent dehydration is to drink lots of water. Do not wait until you are thirsty, as much as possible every hour, especially if the hot weather is really stinging.

Also check the color of your urine to see if it’s hydrated enough. If the color of the urine is getting clearer, it means the body is well hydrated.

Avoid alcoholic drinks and those containing caffeine, because they will only make the body more dehydrated.

If you want to drink fresh juice, choose sugar-free ones. Natural juices without added sugar not only provide hydration, they also have the essential nutrients to keep you active and nourished in hot weather. Juice with vitamin C content is one of them.

To prevent dehydration, avoid sunbathing when the temperature and sunlight are at their highest, which is usually between 10 a.m. and 2 p.m. That’s the best time to go inside, consume food and water, let your body cool down, and even take a nap if possible.

Avoid water sports, as you can easily overheat without even realizing it. If you must be outside, try to keep your activities close to a shady place.

This can provide enough cooling to keep you safe. Even a small drop in temperature can make a big difference.

Food that can be consumed

Food also affects the level of hydration of the body. To keep the body in a stable state, consume easy-to-digest fruits and vegetables that contain lots of water.

Some foods that are good to eat in hot weather are watermelon, strawberries, broths and soups, tomatoes, peppers, coconut water and spicy foods.

Consuming spicy food can cause sweating. This sweat serves to cool your hot body.

Low-fat meat is better consumed to prevent dehydration than high-fat meat. This is because fat takes longer for your body to digest and carries a higher salt content, which can put an extra burden on the body.

Consuming too much salt can increase the risk of dehydration. If you eat meat, choose a low-fat version like chicken breast when it’s hot.

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