Heating and driving are becoming more expensive
Some industries already pay a fee for carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions. This obligation has now been expanded significantly: the new CO2 pricing now also applies to the heating and transport sectors. Through the national CO2 emissions trading system, greenhouse gas emissions from heating and driving also receive a price. This increases the costs. This should create an incentive to heat less and to leave the car at home. In order to avoid social hardship, the state relieves housing benefit recipients with heating costs. According to the federal government, more than 600,000 households can benefit from it.
Higher road tax for SUVs
A similar principle also applies to the collection of vehicle tax: From January 1st, the CO2 emissions of new cars will be given greater weight in the vehicle tax. If a new car emits more carbon dioxide per kilometer, the vehicle tax will rise accordingly – however, this only applies to newly registered cars in 2021 and above all should hit the big gas guzzlers. But owners of vehicles that emit less than 95 grams of CO2 pay less.
Tax on electricity decreases
There should be a small state relief for electricity in the new year. An amendment to the corresponding ordinance provides that the surcharge under the Renewable Energy Sources Act (EEG surcharge) is relieved by a financial subsidy from the proceeds from the CO2 pricing. For 2021, the surcharge will be reduced from the current 6.756 to 6.5 cents per kilowatt hour through a federal grant. But that doesn’t mean that electricity will become cheaper overall.
In the new year, the funding of individual measures for energy-efficient building renovation starts. Measures on the building envelope, system technology, renewable energies for heating, heating optimization as well as specialist planning and construction supervision in connection with an individual measure are funded.
The solos are (partly) omitted
It was introduced 30 years ago and was actually only supposed to cover the costs of reunification: the solidarity surcharge on income tax, or Soli for short. For a long time he persisted. At the request of the SPD, it is not completely eliminated, but for around 90 percent of taxpayers. This means that up to a taxable income of 61,717 euros there will no longer be a solidarity surcharge.
Relief for commuters
The distance flat rate, also known as the commuter flat rate, is increased to 35 cents per kilometer from the 21st kilometer. This is intended to relieve all those motorists who will have to live with higher costs in the future due to CO2 pricing. For a commute of less than 21 kilometers to work, the flat-rate commuter allowance of 30 cents per kilometer traveled (but only the one-way distance counts) Another new feature is that low-wage earners who pay no wage or income tax at all can apply for a so-called mobility bonus for longer journeys.
More child benefit
The child benefit increases by 15 euros per child. For the first and second child, parents will then receive 219 euros per month instead of the previous 204 euros, and for the third 225 euros (previously: 210 euros). From the fourth child onwards it is 250 euros (previously: 235 euros). The tax-free child allowance will also be increased: it rises from 7812 euros to 8388 euros per child for both parents.