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Sore Throat Disease – Symptoms, Causes, Treatment


KOMPAS.com – A sore throat is a sore, itchy, or irritated feeling in the throat that often gets worse when trying to swallow.

The most common cause of a sore throat is a viral infection, such as a cold or flu.

A sore throat caused by a virus will go away on its own.

Also read: 4 Ways to Treat Sore Throats due to Covid-19 Omicron

Strep throat (streptococcal infection), a less common type of sore throat caused by bacteria, requires treatment with antibiotics to prevent complications.

Other, less common causes of sore throat may require more complex treatment.

Reason

Infection by a contagious virus or bacteria is the source of most sore throats.

Other potential causes include:

  • Virussuch as flu, cold, measles, chickenpox, croupor mononucleosis (mono)
  • Bacterial infectionthis infection includes bacterial infections Streptococcus which causes sore throat
  • Pertussisalso known as whooping cough, is a highly contagious respiratory disease caused by bacteria Bordetella pertussis
  • Epiglotitisa throat infection that causes swelling to block the airway and requires immediate emergency medical attention
  • Allergy
  • Irritationsuch as dry heat, dehydration, chronic nasal congestion, pollutants, or chemical exposure
  • Refluxwhen a person vomits the contents of the stomach into the throat
  • Tumortumors of the throat, tongue, and larynx (voice box) can cause a sore throat with pain that rises to the ear.

Symptom

Symptoms of a sore throat can vary depending on the cause.

Also read: 4 Foods to Avoid When Sore Throat

Signs and symptoms include:

  • Pain or itching sensation in the throat
  • Pain that gets worse when swallowing or speaking
  • Difficulty swallowing
  • Pain, swollen glands in the neck or jaw
  • Swollen and red tonsils
  • White patches or pus on the tonsils
  • Hoarse or muffled voice.

The infection that causes a sore throat can cause other signs and symptoms, such as:

  • Fever
  • Cough
  • Have a cold
  • Sneeze
  • aches
  • Headache
  • Nausea or vomiting.

Diagnosis

Sore throat is a symptom of another disease.

Therefore, the doctor will identify the cause of the sore throat.

If the doctor suspects a patient has strep throat, a throat culture will be done to diagnose it.

Also read: 10 Effective Herbal Ingredients for Treating Sore Throats

The doctor will swab the back of the throat and collect a sample to test for strep throat bacteria.

With a quick strep test, your doctor will get the results within minutes.

Maintenance

To help relieve a sore throat, take the following steps: NHS following:

  • Gargle with warm, salty water (not for children)
  • Drink a lot of water
  • Eat cold or soft food
  • Avoid smoking or smoky places
  • Suck on ice cubes, popsicles or hard candy, but don’t give young children anything small and difficult to suck on because of the risk of choking
  • Rest.

In addition to the non-drug treatments above, the following medicines can also help treat a sore throat:

ask your pharmacist about ways to relieve pain and discomfort from a sore throat, such as:

  • Paracetamol or ibuprofen
  • Lozenges containing a local anesthetic, antiseptic, or anti-inflammatory drug.

See a doctor right away if you have a sore throat and any of the following related problems:

Also read: 5 Practical Sore Throat Reliever Drinks

  • Sore throat that is severe or lasts more than a week
  • Difficulty swallowing
  • Difficult to breathe
  • Difficulty opening mouth
  • Joint pain
  • Earache
  • Rash
  • High fever
  • Blood in saliva or sputum
  • Sore throat that often recurs
  • Lump on neck
  • Hoarseness that lasts more than two weeks
  • Swelling in the neck or face.

Complications

Sore throats do not usually cause serious problems.

However, these complications can still occur:

  • Abscess (pockets of pus) around the tonsils
  • Swollen lymph nodes in the neck
  • sinus infection
  • Ear infection
  • Rheumatic fever (heart disease)
  • Post-streptococcal glomerulonephritis (kidney disease).

Prevention

The best way to prevent a sore throat is to avoid the germs that cause it and practice good hygiene.

Also read: What is the difference between a sore throat due to Covid-19 and the common cold?

Follow these tips to prevent a sore throat:

  • Wash your hands thoroughly and frequently for at least 20 seconds, especially after using the toilet, before and after eating, and after sneezing or coughing
  • Avoid touching face
  • Avoid sharing food, drinking glasses, or eating utensils
  • Cough or sneeze into a tissue and throw away, then wash your hands
  • Use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer as an alternative to washing your hands when soap and water are not available
  • Clean and disinfect phones, doorknobs, light switches, remotes and computer keyboards regularly
  • Avoid close contact with people who are sick or have symptoms.

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This article is not intended for self-diagnosis. Please always consult a doctor to get the right examination and treatment.

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