Steps of the Scientific Method to Get Accurate Results All


KOMPAS.comName and explain the steps of the scientific method!

The scientific method is a method for conducting research to acquire knowledge systematically based on physical evidence. Here are the steps of the scientific method.

1. Formulate the problem

This is the first step of the research. Problems can be things that need to be solved or things that are interesting to know. Problem formulation begins with problem identification. Generally, the formulation of the problem is written in the form of a question sentence.

2. Formulate the hypothesis

The hypothesis is a provisional answer to the formulation of the problem at the previous stage. However, the alleged answer still has to be proven true.

3. Designing research

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The research design consists of research objectives, tools and materials, data to be collected, as well as data collection techniques and processes.

When preparing a research design, there are variables that must be considered. There are three kinds of variables as follows:

  • Manipulating variables: variables that are intentionally changed in certain situations
  • Response variables: variables that change due to changes in the manipulation variable
  • Control variables: variables that are intentionally maintained and are not affected by other variables.

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4. Doing research

The next step is to conduct experiments to test the hypotheses that have been formulated. At this stage, the researcher collects data according to the variables that have been compiled.

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5. Concluding

This stage is the stage of analyzing the data that has been collected, then compared with the hypothesis. In addition, the data is also processed based on existing related theories.

6. Evaluation and repetition

If the results of the study are not in accordance with the existing theory, or there is a change in the control variables, the study must be repeated. The purpose of this repetition is to ensure that the results that will be presented are accurate and based on scientific facts.

7. Reporting results

These results are written in a systematic and complete manner, starting from the first stage to the very last stage.

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